Random amplified polymorphic DNA fingerprinting as a marker for Paramecium jenningsi strains
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The aim of the present study is to establish a common RAPD marker for P. jenningsi using a series of Ro primers and to investigate if strains originating from distant and isolated localities (Japan, China, India, Saudi Arabia) have isolated gene pools and represent distinct species. An analysis of dendrograms constructed on the basis of RAPD-PCR fingerprints with four primers (Ro 460-04, 460-06, 460-07, and 460-10) from the first part of this project (SKOTARCZAK et al. 2004), assigns the strains to two groups consisting of the continental strains (India, Saudi Arabia, China) and Japanese strains that have been considered as a separate sibling species within P. jenningsi. The genetic similarity of the Indian and Arabian strains was ascertained, whereas the Chinese strain formed an independent branch in this sibling species. The primers Ro (460-01, 460-02, 460-03, 460-05, 460-08) also distinguish between two groups of strains, although they divide the Japanese strains into two subgroups that are not reproductively isolated. This probably indicates genetic variation within this sibling species. However, it comprises one common gene pool (successful inter-strain crosses) and is reproductively isolated from the other sibling species. The results presented in these papers confirm that the construction of ten band patterns having marker attributes is possible on the basis ofDNAamplification from 9 strains of P. jenningsi with the RAPD-PCR fingerprinting method using five primers from the Ro series. The patterns can be assigned to three marker-groups: a general species group, a group differentiating between sibling species, and accessory strain markers.
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Bogumila Skotarczak, Department of Genetics, Faculty of Biology, Szczecin University, Piastow 40B, 71-065 Szczecin, Poland