Eighteen varieties of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.), originating from various European countries, were compared in respect of peroxidase variability level. They were cultivated in the same experimental plot. The cultivars differed in ploidy level: one variety was tetraploid, three were diploid and 14 varieties were triploid. The cathodic peroxidase system is controlled by four independent genes, of which only one is polymorphic. Consequently, the varieties were characterised by frequencies of 3 allozymes belonging to one locus. Only one variety proved to be fully monomorphic. Genetic similarities between the cultivars were illustrated by a dendrogram (UPGMA) and show different groups of varieties not related to their ploidy level.