Deformability and activity of the enzymes: acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and dehydrogenase glucose-6-phosphate (G-6-PD), were assayed for RBC enriched in immature reticulocytes. Reticulocytosis was evoked by administration of two different drugs: recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) and phenylhydrazine (PHZ) to two groups of Wistar rats. After treatment with the former compound, a group of animals exhibited 17,33 % reticulocytes in blood whereas a group of rats treated with the latter drug reached 57,66 % of these cells in blood. A marked decrease in RBC deformability was found in both groups of animals. AChE did not significantly change activity neither in PHZ-treated nor in rHuEPO-treated rats, whereas G-6-PD activity was significantly decreased in the PHZ-treated group.