Ganglionic neuronal mechanisms involved in circulatory control system
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Intracellular tonic activity and responses to orthodromic stimuli were recorded from the neurones of rabbit superior cervical ganglion and compared with those recorded from the nerves containing pre- and postganglionic nerve fibres, with the use of coherent recording technique. It was found that: (1) firing of each ganglion neurone is triggered by two presynaptic inputs, single and multiple, formed by a single preganglionic nerve fibre whose discharges evoke the postsynaptic spikes correlated with cardiac rhythm, and by a few converging preganglionic nerve fibres which evoke the postsynaptic spikes, either correlated with cardiac rhythm or irregular, only if two or more of themdischarge together, correspondingly; (2) about 240 neurones of the ganglion, on the average, fire synchronously during their tonic activity, being driven by only three preganglionic nerve fibres; (3) only about 9% of a "neural unit", the number of the ganglion neurones receiving innervation from the same preganglionic nerve fibre, are discharged during their tonic activity through a single input, while the rest of neurones are either discharged through a multiple input (17%), or generate only the excitatory postsynaptic potentials subthreshold for spike generation (73%). The results obtained suggest that the ganglionic neuronal mechanisms responsible for vasomotor control involve much more complex ganglionic integrative processes then it has been commonly thought.
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