Lipases - tool in oils and fats biotechnology
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Lipases (acylglycerol hydrolases EC 18.104.22.168) comprise a group of enzymes of widespread occurrence.Their biological function is to catalyse the hydrolise of triacylglycerols to give free fatty acids, diacylglycerols, monoglycerols and glycerol.This reaction is riverisble, so that the enzymes also catalyse the formation of acylglycerols.A feature whih differs lipases from other enzymes is their activity on water-insoluble substrates, at oil-water interface. Interest in lipases from different sources, in particular from microorganisms, has markedly incresed in the last decade due to the potential application of lipases in food industry, chemical industry, chemistry, biochemistry and medicine.
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