Application of a mixed inheritance model to the detection of quantitative trait loci in swine
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The primary goal of this study was to investigate statistical properties of a mixed inheritance model for the localization of quantitative trait loci (QTL). This is based on the analysis of phenotypic data for the amount of intramuscular fat (IMF) scored on 305 individuals originating from a cross between Duroc and Norwegian Landrace breeds. Marker genotype information is available for F1 and F2 generations. Statistical procedures compared involve i) the interval mapping, ii) the composite interval mapping, iii) a regression method, and iv) a mixed inheritance model accounting for a random animal additive genetic effect and relationships between individuals. The basic statistical properties of the latter approach are then assessed using Monte Carlo simulations showing slight unconservativeness as compared to and reasonable power to detect QTL of moderate effects. In the analysis of IMF data, the significant evidence for the existing QTL is detected on chromosome 6. A chromosomal region recommended for a second-step fine mapping analysis is identified between markers SW1823 and S0228, based on three types of confidence intervals derived by using: i) the Jackknife algorithm, ii) the numerical variance approximation, and iii) the LOD score approach. The Jackknife algorithm was additionally used to quantify each family?s contribution to the test statistic and to the estimate of QTL position.
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J. Szyda, Department of Animal Genetics, Agricultural University of Wroclaw, ul. Kozuchowska 7, 51-631 Wroclaw, Poland