The structure of the synaptonemal complexes in meiocytes of European domestic goose (Anser anser)
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The synaptonemal complex (SC) is a protein structure which binds two homologues during rophase of the firstmeiotic division and assures the correct course of genetic recombination. The demonstration and identification of SCs in European domestic goose Anser anser was the aim of the current research. Standard techniques of SC identification do not allow for an analysis of their molecular structure. In meiotic cells of one-day-old nestlings and 17-week-old geese the haploid number of bivalents, darkly stained kinetochores and subtelomeric regions may be evidence for the presence of SCs. Experimental chromosome staining with the DAPI fluorochrome permitted the observation of the characteristic ladder-like structure of SCs and the course of synapsis formation within homologues from early leptotene to their degradation in late pachytene. The detailed molecular structure of synaptonemal complexes can be analysed with an electron or scanning microscope only. Because the bivalent is a direct result of the complex.s presence, in the literature the presence of bivalents is equivalent to the term.synaptonemal complex.. However, the bivalent and the SC are two different structures.
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Katarzyna Andraszek, Institute of Bioengineering nd Animal Breeding, University of Podlasie, Prusa 14, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland