A synthetic wheat with 56 chromosomes derived from Triticum turgidum and Aegilops tauschii
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By colchicine treatment of hybrids between Triticum turgidum and Aegilops tauschii (as seedlings), a fertile wheat plant (SHW-L2) carrying 56 chromosomes was artificially synthesized. At metaphase I of 50 pollen mother cells, the 56 chromosomes of the new wheat SHW-L2 showed a mean pairing configuration of 2.82 univalents, 6.18 rod bivalents, 19.39 ring bivalents, 0.5 trivalents, and 0.14 quadrivalents. Cytological analyses suggested that SHW-L2 had additional 7 pairs of chromosomes from the A and D genome besides the 42 chromosomes of common wheat. The special chromosome constitution of SHW-L2 may be derived from the chromosome doubling by the colchicine treatment of seedlings and then spontaneous doubling of gametes.
Publication order reference
D. Liu, Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Resources and Improvement, Ministry of Education, Sichuan Agricultural University, Yaan 625014, Sichuan, China