First transgenic cereal plants have been obtained in Poland seven years ago. Within the time other cereals like wheat, rye and barley have been also transformed. The prerequisite for that was a very efficient regeneration system by somatic embryogenesis. Generally the basic study on transgenic cereals are quite advanced but the question is how to include transgenic lines in to practical breeding process? Most of genes, promoters and transformation methods are patented and probably Polish breeders will never afford to buy the licences. Though there is a need to concentrate the future work in Polish institutes on identification and isolation of genes of interest. Than to transfer them to plants and register transgenic varieties. According to the Polish law it is allowed to carry out the field experiments, but it is not possible to register the plant variety.