Full-text resources of PSJD and other databases are now available in the new Library of Science.
Visit https://bibliotekanauki.pl


Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2019 | 32 | 4 | 29-35

Article title

The relationship between physical activity and the prevalence of disabilities caused by back pain in men over 60 years of age


Title variants

Languages of publication



Introduction Regular physical activity adapted to the current state of health is a priority in successful ageing. Older people want to remain fully independent for as long as possible. In the elderly, revolutionary changes in body structure and posture are taking place. Back pain is a common problem in the elderly and an important factor limiting life activity. Despite the many benefits of physical activity, its effect on the prevention of back pain has not been clearly demonstrated and contradictory information can be found in the literature. The aim of the study was to assess the physical activity of men over 60 years of age and to verify its relation with the occurrence of spinal pain. Material and methods The study included 30 men aged 62-86 years, participants of the university of the third age. Somatic parameters (BH, BM, WC, FAT%, BMI, WHR) were evaluated. Physical activity measured by the number of steps per week. The incidence of spinal pain was assessed using the Oswestra questionnaire. Results Overweight and obesity were over 80%, while abdominal obesity occurred in 67%. Most men had a sedentary lifestyle or low physical activity. The Oswestra questionnaire showed that 56% of the men surveyed had a mediocre and total disability. Conclusions The majority of men were characterized by excess body weight and low physical activity, and the relationship between these variables was clear. The low and weak correlation between spinal pain and physical activity and somatic parameters, as shown in the studies, leads to the search for factors with a greater impact.








Physical description





  • Majewska M, Pietrzykowska B, Szyszka D. Rola ćwiczeń i przyborów wykorzystywanych w zajęciach ruchowych z osobami starszymi. Repozytorium UŁ. 2017:83-94.
  • Kotarska K, Nowak M.A. Health self-assessment in presently and previously physically active people aged 45-89 years. Pol J Sport Tourism. 2017;24(3):178-84.
  • Anwajler J, Barczyk K, Wojna D, Ostrowska B, Skolimowski T. Charakterystyka postawy ciała w płaszczyźnie strzałkowej osób starszych – pensjonariuszy domów opieki społecznej. Gerontol Pol. 2010;18(3):134-9.
  • Landmark T, Romundstad P, Borchgrevink PC. Associations between recreational exercise and chronic pain in the general population: evidence from the HUNT 3 study. Pain. 2011;152(10):2241-7.
  • Sitthipornvorakul E, Janwantanakul P, van der Beek AJ. The association between physical activity and neck and low back pain: a systematic review. Eur Spine J. 2011 May; 20(5):677-89.
  • Hendrick P, Milosavljevic S, Baxter GD. The relationship between physical activity and low back pain outcomes: a systematic review of observational studies. Eur Spine J. 2011;20(3):461-74.
  • Derewiecki T, Mroczek K, Zaworski K, Chruściel P, Chmiel-Derewiecka D, Mroczek M. Znaczenie aktywności fizycznej w dolegliwościach bólowych kręgosłupa i stawów obwodowych. Hyg Pub Health. 2014;49(1):160-5.
  • WHO 2011: Waist Circumference and Waist-Hip Ratio: Report of a WHO Expert Consultation. Geneva 2008.
  • Tatoń J, Czech A, Bernas M. Otyłość: zespół metaboliczny. PZWL, Warszawa 2007.
  • WHO 2007. The challenge of obesity in the WHO European Region and the strategies for response. Edited by: Branca F, Nikogosian H, Lobstein T.
  • Tudor-Locke C, Craig CL, Thyfault JP, Spence JC. A step-defined sedentary lifestyle index: <5000 steps/day. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2013;38(2):100-14.
  • Fairbank J, Couper J, Davies J. The Oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire. Physiotherapy. 1980;66(8):271-3.
  • Pop T, Przysada G, Świder B. Stopień niesprawności personelu medycznego mierzony kwestionariuszem Oswestry. Przegląd Medyczny Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego. 2008;2:135-41.
  • Health Canada. Division of Ageing and Seniors. Physical activity and older adults from Canada. Workshop on Healthy Aging. 2001;1.
  • Puciato D, Borysiuk Z, Rozpara M. Quality of life and physical activity in an older working-age population. Clin Interv Aging. 2017;12:1627-34.
  • Łakomski M. The effect of physical activity on mood - a review of current literature. J Educ Health Sport. 2017;7(4):807-15.
  • Morie M, Reid KF, Miciek R et al. Habitual physical activity levels are associated with performance in measures of physical function and mobility in older men. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010;58(9):1727-33.
  • Fielding R, Guralnik J, King A et al. Dose of physical activity, physical functioning and disability risk in mobility-limited older adults: Results from the LIFE study randomized trial. PLoS One. 2017;12(8).
  • Wen CP, Wai JP, Tsai MK et al. Minimum amount of physical activity for reduced mortality and extended life expectancy: a prospective cohort study. Lancet. 2011;378:1244-53.
  • Tong CE, Sims Gould J, McKay HA..Physical Activity Among Foreign-Born Older Adults In Canada: A mixed-method study conducted in five languages. J Aging Phys Act. 2017;27:1-31.
  • Drygas W, Skiba A, Bielecki W, et al. Ocena aktywności fizycznej mieszkańców sześciu krajów europejskich. Bridging East -West Health Gap Project. Med Sport. 2001;5(2):119.
  • Varo JJ, Martinez-Gonzales A, de Irala-Estevez J, et al. Distribution and determinants of sedentary lifestyles in European Union. Int J Epidemiol. 2003;32:138-46.
  • Davis MG, Fox KR. Physical activity patterns assessed by accelerometry in older people. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2007; 100(5):581-9.
  • Wasiluk A, Saczuk J, Szyszka P. Nadwaga i otyłość w populacji 60-letnich i starszych mieszkańców Białej Podlaskiej. Med Og Nauki Zdr. 2015;21(2):227-32.
  • Zgliszczyński W. Nadwaga i otyłość w Polsce. Infos. 2017;4(227):1-4.
  • Dhaliwal S, Welborn T. Central obesity and multivariable cardiovascular risk as assessed by the Framingham Prediction Scores. Am J Cardiol. 2009;103:1403-07.
  • Ewald B, McEvoy M, Attia J. Pedometer counts superior to physical activity scale for identifying health markers in older adults. Br J Sports Med. 2010;44(10):756-61.
  • Stamatakis E, Davis M, Stathi A, Hamer M. Associations between multiple indicators of objectively-measured and self-reported sedentary behaviour and cardiometabolic risk in older adults. Prev Med. 2012; 54:82-7.
  • Manini TM, Everhart JE, Anton SD. Activity energy expenditure and change in body composition in late life. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;90:1336-42.
  • Sabia S, Cogranne P, Hees V. Physical Activity and Adiposity Markers at Older Ages: Accelerometer Vs Questionnaire Data. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2015;16(5):7-13.
  • Moody A. Adult anthropometric measures, overweight, and obesity. Health Survey of England. 2012; 1.
  • Janssen I, Katzmarzyk P.T, Ross R. Waist circumference and not body mass index explains obesity-related health risk. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004; 79:379-84.
  • Smuck M, Kao MC, Brar N et al. Does physical activity influence the relationship between low back pain and obesity? Spine J. 2014;14(2):209-16.
  • Chowdhury D, Sarkar S, Rashid MH et al. Influence of body mass index on low back pain. Mymensingh Med J. 2014; 23(1):125-9.
  • Hashimoto Y, Matsudaira K, Sawada SS et al. Association between objectively measured physical activity and body mass index with low back pain: a large-scale cross-sectional study of Japanese men. BMC Public Health. 2018;18(1):341.
  • Hartvigsen J, Bakketeig LS, Leboeuf-Yde C, Engberg M, Lauritzen T. The association between physical workload and low back pain clouded by the “healthy worker” effect: population-based cross-sectional and 5-year prospective questionnaire study. Spine. 2001;26:1788–92.
  • Hurwitz EL, Morgenstern H, Chiao C. Effects of recreational physical activity and back exercises on low back pain and psychological distress: findings from the UCLA Low Back Pain Study. Am J Public Health. 2005;95:1817-24.
  • Jacob T, Baras M, Zeev A, Epstein L. Physical activities and low back pain: a community-based study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004;36:9-15.
  • Kim H, Min TJ, Kang SH et al. Association Between Walking and Low Back Pain in the Korean Population: A Cross-Sectional Study. Ann Rehabil Med. 2017;41(5):786-92.
  • Bousema E, Verbunt J, Seelen H, Vlaeyen J, Knottnerus J. Disuse and physical deconditioning in the first year after the onset of back pain. Pain. 2007;130:279-86.
  • Weering M, Vollenbroek-Hutten M, Kotte Roessingh M, Hermens H. Daily physical activities of patients with chronic pain or fatigue versus asymptomatic controls. A systematic review. Clin Rehabil. 2007;21:1007-23.
  • Katz JN. Lumbar disc disorders and low-back pain: socioeconomic factors and consequences. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006;88(2):21-4.
  • Rubin DI. Epidemiology and risk factors for spine pain. Neurol Clin. 2007;25:353-71.
  • Hoy D, Brooks P, Blyth F, Buchbinder R. The Epidemiology of low back pain. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2010;24(6): 769-81.
  • Boos N, Aebi M. Spinal Disorders: Fundamentals of Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer-Verlag. 2008.

Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.