ANALYSIS OF CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA PHARMACOTHERAPY COSTS IN POLAND
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The aim of this study was to analyze pharmacotherapy cost of chronic myeloid leukemia from the society’s, the payer’s (National Health Fund), and the patient’s perspective. The study included 55 patients with a diagnosed and treated chronic myeloid leukemia at the selected hematology clinic in the city of Poznan. Retrospective study involved time horizon of one calendar year – 2013. The data required for economic evaluation were obtained from the patients’ case histories and the Department of Organization and Accounting of the selected health care facilities. The total cost of chronic myeloid leukemia pharmacotherapy for 55 patients from the society’s perspective in 2013 amounted to 1,483,416.88 EUR. Average annual cost of medication per patient in 2013 amounted to 26,971.22 EUR (Median – 32,854.22 EUR). Average cost of chronic myeloid leukemia pharmacotherapy for a patient without transplantation was 32,167.34 EUR (Median – 30,623.00 EUR), and for a patient after transplantation amounted to 413.13 EUR (Median – 378.40 EUR). The cost from the payer’s perspective is 99.93% of total costs from the society’s perspective. The cost from the patient’s perspective represents 0.07% of the total cost of chronic myeloid leukemia pharmacotherapy from the society’s perspective. Costs of chronic myeloid leukemia pharmacotherapy are very high and represent a significant burden to society. The highest costs associated with treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia are incurred by the society, and, subsequently, the public payer (NHF), and the patient.
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