NURSE PRESCRIBING. THE KNOWLEDGE OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY STUDENTS REGARDING NEW PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCES. POLAND-WIDE MULTICENTER STUDY.
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Introduction Since 1 January 2016 certain groups of nurses and midwives (N&Ms) have been entitled to administer certain medicines to patients and issue perceptions for it (independent nurse prescribing - INP), issue prescriptions upon physician's order (supplementary nurse prescribing - SNP) and to refer patients to determined diagnostic tests. Students’ knowledge on the possibility and principles of nurse prescribing seems to be important. Aim of study To evaluate the knowledge of 1st year students of Bachelor’s studies in nursing and midwifery on the possibility and principles of prescribing authorities of N&Ms in Poland. Material and methods 2338 1st year students of Bachelor’s nursing (1941) and midwifery (398) studies from 26 state higher vocational schools of universities. Own questionnaire assessed in the pilot study; the internal reliability of measurement on the knowledge rating scale was estimated by calculating Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient Results Group of 11% to 64% (depending on a question) gave correct answers. 14 % knew criteria which N&Ms are required to meet in order to refer patients to diagnostic tests. Almost 2/3 of the interviewees also knew where to find the list of active substances allowed in medicines independently prescribed by N&Ms. The internal reliability of the knowledge rating scale was 0,389. Conclusions The knowledge of students regarding N&Ms’ prescribing powers is superficial, but most of respondents knew the crucial issues. It is necessary to correctly determine education standards and to focus on their implementation tools, so that those concerned could acquire desired competences during studies.
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