Backgorund Decreased affective efficiency, preceded by emotional problems, is a common advanced-age disorder which can lead to depression. Aim The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between depressive symptoms experienced by elderly people and their sociodemographic data, self-reported health status, physical fitness, functional capacity, and history of falls. Material and methods The study involved 304 individuals aged 65-100 years. The research instruments were the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form, the Barthel Scale, and the Background Survey Geriatric Questionnaire. Results Depression was more common among the elders who had a lower education level, lived alone, were in a worse financial position, and among those whose families were unprepared to provide them with informal care (p < 0.05). Conclusions Depressive symptoms observed in the respondents were significantly related to their sociodemographic data, reduced ability to perform daily activities, low self-reported health status and physical fitness, and recurrent falls.