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2016 | 5(1) | 47-53
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The clinical and epidemiological analysis of lip carcinoma in Holy Cross District in Poland

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47artykułoryginalny/ originalresearcharticleDOI: 10.5604/20845308.1198412POLSKI PRZEGLĄD OTORYNOLARYNGOLOGICZNY, TOM 5, NR 1 (2016), s. 47-53The clinical and epidemiological analysis of lip carcinoma in Holy Cross District in PolandObraz epidemiologiczno-kliniczny raka wargi w regionie świętokrzyskimPostuła Sylwia1ABCDEF, Bień Stanisław2AEF1Klinika Otolaryngologii Chirurgii Głowy i Szyi Świętokrzyskie Centrum Onkologii w Kielcach2Wydział Lekarski i Nauk o Zdrowiu, Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w KielcachArticle history: Received: 06.02.2016Accepted: 15.03.2016Published: 31.03.2016ABSTRACT:Objective: Lip carcinoma, as classified according to TNM system, is one of localizations of oral carcinoma. However it differs in numerous factors from other head and neck cancer. Material: 342 patients with diagnosed lip carcinoma, collected from 2001 to 2012, who in majority came from one of Po-land’s region – Holy Cross District. Among them 312 were treated primarily with surgery or with surgery + Rtg. Therapy.Methods:In retrospective survey the factors of age, sex and localization of lip carcinoma were taken into analysis. Apart of that in the subgroup who underwent surgery, the local and clinical staging, histopathology and selected patho-morphological factors were also presented. Results: In the analyzed group (n=342) the sex ratio was 6 : 1 in favor of men, with average age of 69,5 years, and the most common location (93,4%) of tumor was the lower lip. The majority of treated patients (n=312) have started ther-apy at the lover (T1+T2) local stage (93,9%), and in 97,4% squamous cell carcinoma was finally diagnosed.Discussion: Clinico-epidemiological characteristics of presented material is similar to data found in the literature. It must be stressed out that presented results might be comparable only with the data where TNM criteria of the lip are followed.
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