Olfactory dysfunction in COVID-19
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The COVID-19 pandemic is a result of increasing globalization. However, thanks to clinicians’ efforts and the cooperation between research centers, the best methods for diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 infection are constantly being developed. According to the most recent research, olfactory disorders have been included in the earliest symptoms. This article is a synthetic summary of current literature about the occurrence of olfactory disorders in patients with SARS-Cov-19. The article presents pathophysiological mechanisms, a typical clinical image and the available diagnostic tools for a better understanding of olfactory disorders in patients with SARS-Cov-19. The effectiveness of psychophysical olfactometry and accurate medical history was highlighted in the discussion. The authors suggest the possibility of effective diagnostics of olfactory disorders in the form of teleconsultation and emphasize the importance of the role of laryngologists in the diagnosis of COVID-19 and the need to disseminate knowledge about olfactory disorders to inhibit the SARS-CoV-19 pandemic. The authors postulate to create a simple model based on physical examination, which would recognize SARS-Cov-19 infection with high sensitivity. Appreciating the importance of olfactory disorders may allow for more effective isolation of asymptomatic carriers, which would clearly inhibit the development of COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, the paper presents therapeutic management of olfactory dysfunction lasting for more than two weeks.
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