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2021 | 93(1) | 1-8
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Analysis of exercise tolerance on the basis of six-minute walk test – 6MWT and Borg RPE scale in men with inguinal hernia before and after Lichtenstein repair

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Introduction: Assessment of exercise tolerance (ET) plays an important role in qualifications for treatment and rehabilitation.
Aim: The aim of the study was to assess ET in patients before and after inguinal hernia operations with Lichtenstein method.
Material and methods: The cohort study included men with inguinal hernia divided into the study group (SG) (n = 50) and control (CG) (n = 50) undergone the Lichtenstein surgery. Patients from the SG met the criterion of coexistence of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Day before and on the second day after surgery, patients performed 6MWT and subjectively rate the exertion according to Borg- RPE- Scale (before, immediately after and 10 minutes after the test). 6MWT distance, Borg scale ratings were analysed. On the second day after surgery 66% of patients from the SG and 58% from the CG did not complete the test. Patients from the SG before (500,07 ± 40,38 m) and on the second day after surgery (243,46 ± 18,18 m) achieved shorter distances compared to the CG (565,93 ± 20,41 m; 249,47 ± 26,66 m), p < 0,001 i p = 0,481. A statistically significant negative correlation between 6MWT distance before surgery and age of the patients was confirmed. Patients who did not develop complications achieved significantly longer distances on admission (p = 0,003 for SG, p = 0,004 for CG). For 6MWT before surgery and 2 days after surgery, patients from the SG showed a significantly higher level of fatigue compared to the CG after the test (before: p = 0,001, after: p = 0,001). Patients form the SG often discontinued 6MWT and less tolerated effort compared to the CG. Hence, 6MWT is useful tool for ascertaining physical capacity and ET.
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