Satisfaction with life and disease acceptance by patients with a stomy related to surgical treatment of the rectal cancer – determinants of quality of life?
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Satisfaction with life and disease acceptance by patients with a stomy related to surgical treatment of the rectal cancer depend on multiple factors. Such factors as social support, life conditions and time that elapsed after stomy creation, are very important in this context. The aim of the study was to conduct an early evaluation of life satisfaction and disease acceptance by patients with a stomy related to surgical treatment of the rectal cancer. Material and methods. The study was conducted at Dr. Jan Biziel University Hospital No. 2 in Bydgoszcz and at the prof. F. Łukaszczyk Oncology Centre in Bydgoszcz in 2014. The final analysis included 96 subjects aged 41-87 years (median 59 years). Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) and Acceptance of Illness Scale (AIS) adapted by Zygfryd Juczyński, were used in this study. Results. Most patients had satisfaction with life score of 5 or 6, 23 (24%) and 28 (29.2%) subjects, respectively. Twenty nine (30.2%) study subjects had low satisfaction level, while 16 (16.7%) had high satisfaction level. Average disease acceptance score was 23.2 points. Most patients, 71 (74%) had a moderate disease acceptance score, while the lowest number of subjects, 9 (9.4%), had high disease acceptance score. None of the study subjects who were under the care of a psychologist (14/100%) did not have a low acceptance level. Conclusions. Half of the study subjects had a moderate level of satisfaction with life. Most patients with stomy related to surgical treatment of the rectal cancer in an early postoperative period had moderate level of the disease acceptance. Patients with high level of satisfaction with life, accept the disease better. Few patients who used help by a psychologist, were two- and three-fold more likely to have higher level of satisfaction with life and disease acceptance, respectively.
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