Inflammation of the nasal mucosa and paranasal sinuses
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Inflammation of the paranasal sinuses is a common condition that affects the upper respiratory tract. The pathomechanism and course of sinusitis are multifaceted, depending on the etiological factors, duration of the disease, anatomical abnormalities, and additional conditions exacerbating the inflammation of the nasal mucosa and paranasal sinuses. The gold standard of diagnostic imaging is computed tomography (CT), performed in particular cases. An auxiliary examination is a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for soft tissue imaging when there is a suspicion of a neoplastic process. The treatment of patients with rhinosinusitis is very complex and long-lasting, associated with the use of nasal or systemic corticosteroids, irrigation with physiological saline, as well as antibiotic therapy, antihistamines or herbal supplements. The treatment is selected individually for the patient's condition or the sinus phenotype, and in exceptional cases, surgical intervention is undertaken. Work is continuing on genetic, molecular and immunological research to search for new and effective methods of treatment of rhinosinusitis.
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