Surgical treatment of pancreatic cystic tumors
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The aim of this study was to assess short-term outcomes of surgical treatment of pancreatic cystic tumors (PCTs). Material and methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 46 patients (31 women and 15 men) who had undergone surgery for pancreatic cystic tumors in our department. Results: Pancreatic cystic tumors were located within the pancreatic head (21), body (11), tail (13), and whole pancreas (1). The following surgical procedures were performed: pancreatoduodenectomy (20), central pancreatectomy (9), distal pancreatectomy (3), distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy (3), distal extended pancreatectomy with splenectomy (2), total pancreatectomy (1), duodenum preserving pancreatic head resection (1), local tumor resection (4), and other procedures (2). Histopathological tumor types were as follows: serous cystadenoma (14), intraductal papillary mucinous adenoma (5), intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma (5), solid pseudopapillary tumor (5), mucinous cystadenoma (5), mucinous cystadenoma with border malignancy (1), mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (2), adenocarcinoma (4), and other tumors (5). Early postoperative complications were observed in 14 (30.43%) patients. Reoperations were performed in 9 (19.56%) patients. The perioperative mortality rate was 6.52%. Conclusions: Serous cystadenoma was the most common pancreatic cystic tumor in the analyzed group. PCTs were most frequently located within the pancreatic head. Pancreatic resection was possible in most patients, and pancreatoduodenectomy was the most common pancreatic resection type.
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