Management of hard-to-heal wounds arising as a result of surgical oncology treatment- usage of the modern wound dressings
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The problem of hard-to-heal wounds concerns 1-1.5% of the total population and about 3% of the population above 60 years of age. The risk factors associated with impaired wound healing are diabetes, arterial and venous insufficiency, advanced atherosclerosis, obesity, and inadequate wound supply. As a result of these pathological processes may develop localized wound infection, disseminated infection, tissue necrosis, and even chronic inflammation carcinogenesis. In the group of patients with malignant tumors, there are wounds arising in the course of the underlying disease and as a result of medical treatment. Wound healing is a significant problem and is often complicated due to the patient’s general condition, comorbidities and complex treatment of cancer, which includes surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Radiotherapy used for local-regional control of disease after surgical treatment has a negative effect on healing by causing fibrosis of tissues and blood vessels damage, while chemotherapy interferes with the process of cell proliferation.
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