The usefulness of anorectal manometry in patients with a stoma before and after surgery to restore the continuity of the gastrointestinal tract
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The operation to restore the continuity of the gastrointestinal tract is another surgical intervention in a given patient, which directly translates into an increased risk of complications during and after surgery. That is why proper qualification is important for the operation to restore the continuity of the gastrointestinal tract in terms of performance and efficiency of the anal sphincter apparatus, among other things. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of restoring physiological defecation routes on the sphincter function and to observe the parameters of anorectal manometry in patients before and after surgery to restore the continuity of the gastrointestinal tract. Material and methods. The study included 29 patients scheduled for restoration of the continuity of the gastrointestinal tract, 12 women and 17 men. The average age in the group was 62 years. Anorectal manometry was performed both before surgery as well as one month and three months afterwards in all patients. The average time to have a stoma was 12 months. Results. The resting pressure in the anal canal (MRP) three months after the restoration of the continuity of the gastrointestinal tract increased by 30.4%. The maximum systolic blood pressure in the anal canal (MSP) increased by 22.2%. The value of recto-anal inhibitory reflex (RAIR) decreased by 19.2%. The length of the high pressure zone in the anal canal (HPZL) increased by 27%. The study results of visceral rectal sensation thresholds decreased by 23.3% for the sensation threshold, and 14.4% for the pressure threshold. Conclusions. Restoring the continuity of the gastrointestinal tract improves the anal sphincter function which is evident in the parameters of anorectal manometry. The restoration of passage improves the sphincter function, and these changes are statistically significant.
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