Postcholecystectomy bile duct injuries: evolution of surgical treatment
Languages of publication
Introduction: Bile duct injuries (BDIs) still occur during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Although management of such complications is challenging, a collaboration of a multidisciplinary team and development of treatment methods and materials often lead to successful treatment. Materials and methods: Medical records of 67 patients who have experienced bile duct injuries after laparoscopic cholecystectomy were retrospectively reviewed. All injuries were classified according to the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery ATOM classification and investigated by the manifestation of the injury, surgical repair technique, early and late complications. Results: In 28 (41.8 %) patients with partial divisions, the surgical treatment of BDI was completed with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and stenting while in 14 (20.1%) cases, the defect of bile duct was closed by suture. End-to-end ductal anastomosis was performed for 6 (13.4%) patients with complete division while 19 (28.3%) patients underwent hepaticojejunostomy. We followed up 58 (92.1%) of 63 patients. The mean follow-up duration was 25.7 (3 - 123) months. Twenty-three (39.7%) patients were found to have structures. Discussion: Intraoperative detection and management of BDIs are crucial to achieving good results. The routine intraoperative cholangiography and possibilities of repair by initial surgeons in peripheral hospitals remain controversial. Stenting with a covered self-expanding metal stent is promising for the patients with partial divisions of bile ducts. Initial hepaticojejunostomy is often a preferred treatment for transected bile ducts because of a lower rate of anastomosis strictures. However, an end-to-end anastomosis is more physiological, and endoscopy allows successful management of the strictures, we suggest choosing this treatment when possible Recommendation for paperwork content: Classifying bile duct injuries according to the new ATOM classification may be useful in choosing the most appropriate treatment in each case.
Publication order reference