Primary hyperparathyroidism on the example of a 33-year-old female patient with parathyroid adenoma
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Parathyroid hyperactivity is the state of over-production and PTH secretion . The most common cause of primary hyperparathyroidism is parathyriod adenoma - about 80% of cases, the remaining are parathyroid hyperplasia around 15%cases  , and in 1-5% of cases, cancer    . The disease is diagnosed inabout 40 people in 100,000    . The most common cause of adenoma is the mutation in gene MEN 1. Less than 5% of cases are chronichyperparathyroidism, which is a component of the MEN 1 MEN 2a endocrine adenocarcinoma syndrome . Excess PTH in the body leads to increased mobilization of calcium from the bones, and henceincreased osteolysis, what also increases the absorption of calcium from thedigestive system, as well as an increased amount of phosphate excretion in the urine. Clinical picture of the disease is multiform and often runs in a latent form. Most often the diseaseoccurs in the form of osteoporosis, chronic recurrent kidney stones, and is also commonpyelonephritis on the basis of urolithiasis. The disease may be accompanied by: dysphagia, abdominal pain, metallic taste in the mouth, persistent constipation. In addition, from the systemnervous: dizziness and headaches, disturbances of consciousness. Arrhythmia the form of additional contractions and paroxysmal tachycardia. Osteolysis, osteoporosis and pathological fractures . The purpose of this article is to bring closer to the reader case of 33 years old woman with primary hyperparathyroidism on the adenoma.
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