Three-year (2014-2016) activity report of the Replantation Service for hand amputations in Poland
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The paper summarizes 32 months (January 2014 – August 2016) of activity of the Replantation Service for hand amputation in Poland. Over this period a total of 568 cases of total and subtotal amputations as well as other complex injuries to the hand were referred. Of these, 354 referrals (62%) were accepted and 214 (38%) rejected. Among accepted, there were 167 total (47%) and 142 subtotal (40%) amputations; 45 patients (13%) had other severe hand injuries. Vast majority of the patients constituted males aged a mean of 39 years. The most common injury was amputation of several digits in one patient, and thumb amputation – a total of 229 cases (65%), followed by transmetacarpal and wrist amputations – 92 (30%) and forearm/arm amputations – 33 cases (9%). Replantation of amputated extremity was performed in 141 patients (40%), revascularization in 145 (41%) and in 29 (8%) primary repair of the complex injuries. In 27 cases (8%), a coverage of the tissue defects, and in 12 (3%) primary terminalization was performed. Survival rate was of 78% for replantation and revascularization. Comparing to the period 2010–2012, an increase in number of treated patients (of n = 64 cases), in number of amputations (of 96 cases) and in number of amputated digits (of 88 cases) were noted. The activity report shows importance of Replantation Service, an informal structure, in saving limbs of severely mutilated patients.
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