Tracheal intubation is presently one of the basic medical procedures. It is connected with many different complications. One of them is tracheal stenosis, which occurs in 6–21 percent of patients after intubation of the trachea. In contrast to this high frequency of tracheal stenosis we didn’t find any publications about complete atrophy of a big part of trachea after prolongated intubation and we describe a first case of such complication. The reasons and the possibilities of treatment in such situation are discussed.