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2017 | 6(2) | 56-63
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Hemangiopericytoma – a case report of a rare tumour of the parapharyngeal space

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Introduction: Hemangiopericytoma is a mesenchymal tumour originating from pericytes surrounding the capillary vessels. The etiology of this tumour is still unknown. It may be located in any part of the human body. The most common sites are pelvis and lower limbs and less often it occurs in the head and neck. The characteristic signs of hemangiopericytoma are slow growth regardless of the malignancy level and high vascularity. Surgical excision of the tumour with additional radiotherapy is the treatment of choice.
Case report: A symptom presentation and diagnostic-therapeutic process in a 71-year-old woman admitted to the Department of Otolaryngology of the Medical University of Warsaw due to increasing bilateral nasal obstruction and dysphagia is herein described. Diagnostic imaging showed highly vascularized tumour in the parapharyngeal space also obstructing the left side of the nasopharynx. After evaluation, tumour resection from the external approach was planned and performed, followed by an uncomplicated postoperative course. Histopathological examination revealed hemangiopericytoma. The patient was qualified for adjuvant radiotherapy. She stays under observation with no signs of recurrence since surgery.
Conclusions: Hemangiopericytoma is a rare tumour with a wide variety of clinical presentations and a relapse-free survival that is difficult to predict. Long-lasting asymptomatic tumour growth results in late diagnosis. Imaging and primarily, histopathological examination are fundamental for the diagnostic process. The best outcome is observed after radical surgical treatment. In order to reduce the risk of recurrence, additional radiotherapy is advised. Local recurrence may appear years after finished treatment, therefore long-term follow-up is essential.
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