Postoperative pain relief in general surgery – recommendations of the Association of Polish Surgeons, Polish Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Polish Association for the Study of Pain and Polish Association of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Treatment
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It is estimated that there are over 310 million surgeries performed in the world every year. Appropriate analgesic management in the perioperative period constitutes a fundamental right of every patient, significantly reducing the number of postoperative complications and the time and costs of hospitalization, particularly in the high-risk group of patients (ASA III-V) subject to extensive surgical procedures and hospitalized in intensive care units. Despite such significant arguments speaking for the conduct of effective analgesia in the perioperative period, nearly 79% of patients operated in hospitalization settings and 71% of patients operated in outpatient settings (so-called first day surgery) experienced postoperative pain of moderate, strong or extreme intensity. Hence, effective relief of postoperative pain should constitute one of the priorities of integrated, modern perioperative management, the components of which apart from adequate analgesia involve early nutrition through the alimentary canal, early patient activation and active physiotherapy. In the currently published “Guidelines”, a team of authors has updated the previous “Recommendations” primarily in terms of methods for optimizing postoperative pain relief and new techniques and drugs introduced for postoperative pain therapy in recent years. The algorithms of postoperative pain management in different treatment categories were also updated.
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