Diagnostic evaluation of neck torsion test in objective examination in patients with vertigo and/or hearing-impairment
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Introduction. Introduction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the neck torsion test in objective examinations of patients with vertigo and/or hearing loss. Material and methods. The study was conducted in 100 patients, including 54 women and 46 men aged 17–79 years, who were divided into two groups: I – 50 patients, including 30 women and 20 men aged 17–79 years (mean age 49.92 years) with dizziness and/or hearing impairments, and confirmed asymmetry of intracranial vessels, II – 50 patients – control group, including 24 women and 26 men aged 20–71 years without dizziness and/or hearing disorders and without disturbance in the construction of intracranial vessels. For each patient, the following tests were carried out: subjective, objective otorhinolaryngological, Doppler ultrasound specifying diameter of vertebral and carotid arteries and the velocity of blood flow in these vessels, audiological diagnostics, including the examination of latency of waves I, III, V of the auditory evoked potentials of the brain stem, otoneurological diagnostics with used the neck torsion test. Results. It appears from the analysis of the material presented that the application of the neck torsion test in the Doppler ultrasound results in the fact that the difference in the mean systolic velocity of blood flow in vertebral artery is higher on the side opposite to the turning of the neck, and the increase in the average diastolic blood flow velocity in the vertebral artery on the side of the test being performed and its reduction on the opposite side in the study group, when compared to the control group. The value of the wave I, II, V latency in the ABR test during the neck torsion test is extended more in the study group than in the controls, on the side of the performed test. The performed neck torsion test in the VNG test increases the occurrence of both, square waves and nystagmus (much higher in the study group than in the controls). Conclussion. The application of the neck torsion test in the Doppler ultrasound, ABR and VNG test in patients with vertigo and/or hearing loss means that these tests become functional, thereby increasing their diagnostic value and may be used to monitor the rehabilitation of inner ear disorders.
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