Clear Cell Carcinoma of the abdominal wall
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Background: Clear cell carcinoma in scars after cesarean section is extremely rare, with only 22 cases reported in the literature. Management of this condition needs to be further explored. Here, we report of a patient with clear cell carcinoma of the abdominal wall that developed 35 years after cesarean section. Case Report: The material of the study was a group of 61 patients divided into two groups. Group I – 35 deaf or with profound sensorineural hearing loss children (the pupils of the deaf and hard of hearing school), aged 5–17 years (average 9,2 years), 14 males, 21 females, II – control group comprised 26 normal hearing patients, aged 5–16 years (average 10,4 years), 14 males, 12 females (patients of Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Audiology and Phoniatrics, Medical University of Lodz). In both groups, exon 2 sequencing of GJB2 gene was performed. Results. A 58-year-old woman was admitted to our department due to abdominal pain and a progressively growing mass in the abdominal wall. Based on biopsy, a preliminary diagnosis of clear cell carcinoma was made. A wide surgical excision of the tumor with clear margins, hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and abdominal wall reconstruction using synthetic mesh were performed. The patient was discharged in good condition after fifteen days of hospitalization. The patient remained recurrence-free 6 months after the treatment. Conclusions: T Lack of standardized management of rare malignant transformations hinders patient care. Due to a growing number of cesarean deliveries, we can expect clear cell carcinoma prevalence of the abdominal wall to increase. Therefore, patients and clinicians should attend to any pain, itching, or change in the size of abdominal wall scars.
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