Zakażenie miejsca operowanego u chorych po operacji raka jelita grubego
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Introduction: Operative field infection appears among 2,5–22,3% of patients after surgery. It is an indicator of a quality of treatment on operative wards and has significant influence on its cost. Material and methods: The analysed group were patients, who had operative field infection in 30-days observation with colorectal cancer in one clinic.The criteria, that were excluded from the survey were: lack of trustworthy treatment documentation and the death of patient before 30th day after the surgery without operative field infection. The statistic analysis was carried with the usage of Statistica 10. Results: Postoperative complications appeared among 262/16,6% of patients. The most common complication was operative field infection (198/12,52%). It was stated that appearance of this complication depended on how advanced the cancer was, age, comorbidities (diabetes, and cardiological diseases). Morover, it was stated thatthis complication appeared significantly more often among patients with surgery in a matter of urgency and among which stoma had to be revealed. However, there was no dependence stated on appearance of this complication with patients’ sex and the localisation of a tumour. Conclusion: Among patients after colorectal surgery, the biggest threat of surgical site infection was among patients over 75 years, with diabetes and cardiological diseases, with advanced cancer, with surgery in a matter of urgency and among patients with stoma (especially colostomy).
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