Own experience in the treatment of major salivary gland tumors
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Introduction: The paper aims to demonstrate the Clinic’s and own research in the treatment of major salivary gland tumors. Material and method: In the years 2013–2019, there were 95 salivary gland surgeries, including 45 performed in women (47.36%) aged between 24 and 82 and in 50 men (52.64%) aged 29 to 86. Diagnostics of major salivary glands included: patient history, otolaryngological examination, ultrasound and fine needle aspiration (BACC) (of tumor), laboratory tests (morphology, CRP) and computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to accurately assess salivary glands, location of lesion and lymph nodes prior to elective surgery. Research results: In the analyzed material patients with major salivary gland tumors were most frequently operated on at the age of 61–70 (34.7%) and 51–60 years (23.2%). Most patients with tumors were hospitalized in the last 4 years between 2016–2019, which accounted for 77.8% of all operated cases. Among the operated lesions, benign neoplasms and tumors occurred in 93.7%, of which the most frequent findings in histopathological examination were Warthin tumor in 50.5%, and multiform adenoma in 26.3%. The remaining tumors and benign neoplasms constituted only 16.9% and were observed in isolated cases, including eosinophilic adenoma, lymphoepithelial cyst, myoepithelial adenoma, lipofibrosarcoma, congestive cyst, air cyst, tubular adenoma, basal cell carcinoma, cyst with squamous metaplasia features, vascular malformation. Malignant salivary gland tumors were found in 6.3%, including the following malignant tumors were revealed histopathologically: adenocarcinoma, mucoepidermal carcinoma, acinocellular carcinoma, epithelialmyoepithelial carcinoma, ductal carcinoma. Conclusions: The majority of operated salivary gland tumors were benign (93.7%), of which the most common histopathologically were: Warthin tumor (50.5%) and multiform adenoma (26.3%), while malignant tumors occurred in 6.3%. Tumors were localized mainly in the parotid gland in as many as 93.7% cases, of which the most common localization concerned the superficial lobe in 56.8%. The most frequent surgical technique used in the Clinic was extracapsular dissection of the tumor in 88.4%, and other methods were used rarely.
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