Results of surgical treatment of pilonidal sinus in 50 patients operated using Bascom II procedure – prospective study
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Introduction: Treatment of the pilonidal sinus, due to various surgical methods, remains the current topic of discussion during surgeon meetings worldwide. The newest methods of treatment consist in the excision and simultaneous closure of the wound with cleft lift procedures. One of such methods is Bascom II procedure which has been widely used in the world but is less popular in Poland. Aim of the study: To evaluate the results of treatment of pilonidal cysts using Bascom II procedure performed by one operator. Material and method: 50 patients (40 men, 10 women), Avg. 30.6 years of age. All patients treated with Bascom II procedure in one surgical ward by one operator (resident during specialisation training) with the use of uniform surgical care for all operational protocols. The following were assessed: BMI, average hospitalisation time, pain, post-operative complications, wound healing time, patient’s quality of life, and the recurrences rate after surgery. The follow-up period ranged from 12 to 52 months. Results: Average BMI 27.13 kg / m2. Avg. time of hospitalisation 2.95 days. Post-operative pain in the first 24 hours was on average 4.55 points. (+/- 2.24 points); on the 10th day on average 2.04 points (+/- 1.58 points); in the 30th day on average 0.76 points (+/- 1.1 points). Pain after healing 0.14 points (+/- 0.40 points). Post-oerative complications occurred in 28.57% of patients [partial wound dehiscence (16.32%), serum leak (10.2%), hematoma (6.12%), total wound dehiscence (0%), wound infection (0%)]. The average time of full healing was 2.94 weeks. Recurrence occurred in one patient (2.04%). Conclusions: Bascom II procedure is characterised by a low recurrence rate and short wound healing time. It is a a safe, effective and patient-accepted method of treatment. Statistically, it significantly improves the patient’s quality of life one year after surgery in terms of both physical and mental health.
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