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2018 | 67 | 2 | 307-312
Article title

Pasożyty w środowisku miejskim

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EN
Parasites in urban environment
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PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Urbanizacja jest procesem silnie wpływającym na wiele gatunków roślin i zwierząt, przyczyniając się głównie do zmniejszenia bioróżnorodności. W wyniku intensywnej działalności ludzkiej dochodzi do degradacji i niszczenia naturalnych siedlisk. Ciągłe rozrastanie się terenów zurbanizowanych skutkuje ekspansją gatunków na obszary miejskie. Proces ten, zwany synurbizacją, polega na dostosowaniu się gatunku do specyficznych warunków panujących na obszarach miejskich. Miasto to również siedlisko wielu gatunków pasożytów, które pojawiają się na obszarach miast wraz ze swoimi żywicielami. Głównym czynnikiem warunkującym występowanie pasożytów w środowisku miejskim jest ich tolerancja na wiele rodzajów i poziom zanieczyszczeń, dostępność żywicieli, zarówno pośrednich, jak ostatecznych i efektywność transmisji między formami inwazyjnymi a żywicielami. Przedstawiony artykuł dotyczy głównie obszarów miejskich strefy klimatu umiarkowanego.
EN
Urbanization is a process exerting high impact on many plant and animal species, causing mainly decrease of biodiversity. As a result of intensive human activity, there occur degradation and devastation of natural habitats. Constant sprawl of urban areas leads to expansion of these species into cities. This process, known as synurbization, consists of adjustment of a species to specific conditions of the urban environment. Cities also pose a challenge to parasites, which appear on the outskirts of cities, accompanying their hosts. The key factor determining occurrence of parasites in the urban environment is their tolerance to many kinds and high levels of pollution, as well as transmission efficiency and availability of both intermediate and final hosts. This paper concerns mainly urban areas of temperate climate.
Journal
Year
Volume
67
Issue
2
Pages
307-312
Physical description
Dates
published
2018
Contributors
  • Zakład Parazytologii, Wydział Biologii, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warszawa, Polska
  • Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warszawa, Poland
author
  • Zakład Parazytologii, Wydział Biologii, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warszawa, Polska
  • Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warszawa, Poland
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bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv67p307kz
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