Preferences help
enabled [disable] Abstract
Number of results
2018 | 67 | 2 | 275-285
Article title

Osobowość u ptaków - założenia teoretyczne, kierunki i metody badań

Title variants
Personality in birds - theretical assumptions, directions and methods of research
Languages of publication
W latach 90. XX w. nastąpił intensywny rozwój badań nad osobowością zwierząt, w których szczególnie często wykorzystanym modelem są ptaki. Opisano wiele wyznaczników osobowości u różnych gatunków, wśród których zwykle analizuje się sposób eksploracji środowiska, śpiew, poziom agresji, a także morfologiczne wyznaczniki osobowości takie jak ubarwienie. Wciąż jednak badacze borykają się z wieloma problemami, jak choćby efekt kontekstu. Podejmowane są także próby odnalezienia związków pomiędzy osobowością osobnika a doborem płciowym czy sukcesem rozrodczym. Celem niniejszego artykułu jest przedstawienie aktualnego stanu wiedzy na temat osobowości ptaków, a także kierunków przyszłych badań związanych z tym zjawiskiem.
Since 1990s we have observed intense progress in studies on animal personality, especially on birds treated as a model. Up to date many indicators of personality have been described for different species, among which usually there were analysed: manner of environment exploration, singing, aggression level, and also some morphological indicators, e.g. plumage. Still, researchers are facing many problems such as effect of context. There are also attempts to find relationship between personality and sexual selection, or breeding success. Aim of this article is to show the state of art in birds' personality studies, and directions for future research.
Physical description
  • Instytut Zoologii, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Poznaniu, Wojska Polskiego 71 C, 60-625 Poznań, Polska
  • Institute of Zoology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, 71C Wojska Polskiego Str., 60-625 Poznań, Poland
  • Baugh A. T., Schaper S. V, Hau M., Cockrem, J. F., de Goede P., van Oers K., 2012. Corticosterone responses differ between lines of great tits (Parus major) selected for divergent personalities. Gen. Comp. Endocr. 175, 488-494.
  • Bókony V., Kulcsár A., Tóth Z., Liker A., 2012. Personality traits and behavioral syndromes in differently urbanized populations of house sparrows (Passer domesticus). PloS One 7, e36639.
  • Burtt H. E., Giltz M., 1973. Personality as a variable in the behaviour of birds. Ohio J. Sci. 73, 65-82.
  • Butler M. W., Toomey M. B., McGraw K. J., Rowe M., 2012. Ontogenetic immune challenges shape adult personality in mallard ducks. Proc. R. Soc. B 279, 326-333.
  • Carere C., Groothuis T. G. ., Möstl E., Daan S., Koolhaas J., 2003. Fecal corticosteroids in a territorial bird selected for different personalities: daily rhythm and the response to social stress. Horm. Behav. 43, 540-548.
  • Carrete M., Tella J. L., 2010. Individual consistency in flight initiation distances in burrowing owls: a new hypothesis on disturbance-induced habitat selection. Biol. Lett. 6, 167-170.
  • Cauchard L., Boogert N. J. Lefebvre L., Dubois F., Doligez B., 2013. Problem-solving performance is correlated with reproductive success in a wild bird population. Anim. Behav. 85, 19-26.
  • Cockrem J. F., 2007. Stress, corticosterone responses and avian personalities. J. Ornithol. 148, 169-178.
  • Cole E. F., Cram D. L., Quinn J. L., 2011. Individual variation in spontaneous problem-solving performance among wild great tits. Anim. Behav. 81, 491-498.
  • Da Silva A., Brink V., Emaresi G., Luzi E., Bize P., Dreiss A. N., Roulin A., 2013. Melanin-based colour polymorphism signals aggressive personality in nest and territory defence in the tawny owl (Strix aluco). Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 67, 1041-1052.
  • Dingemanse N. J., de Goede P., 2004. The relation between dominance and exploratory behavior is context-dependent in wild great tits. Behav. Ecol. 15, 1023-1030.
  • Dingemanse N. J., Botha C., Drent P. J., van Oersa K., van Noordwijka A. J., 2002. Repeatability and heritability of exploratory behaviour in great tits from the wild. Anim. Behav. 64, 929-938.
  • Dingemanse N. J., Both C., van Noordwijk A. J., Rutten A. L., Drent P. J., 2003. Natal dispersal and personalities in great tits (Parus major). Proc. R. Soc. B. 270, 741-747.
  • Dingemanse N. J., Both C., Drent P. J., Tinbergen J. M., 2004. Fitness consequences of avian personalities in a fluctuating environment. Proc. R. Soc. B. 271, 847-52.
  • Drent P. J., Marchetti C., 1999. Individuality, exploration and foraging in hand raised juvenile great tits standard tests. [W:] Proceedings of the 22nd International Ornithological Congress. Adams N. J., Slotow R. H. (red.). Durban, Birdlife South Africa, Johannesburg, 896-914
  • Duckworth R. A., 2006. Behavioral correlations across breeding contexts provide a mechanism for a cost of aggression. Behav. Ecol. 17, 1011-1019.
  • Ducrest A. L., Keller L., Roulin A., 2008. Pleiotropy in the melanocortin system, coloration and behavioural syndromes. Trends Ecol. Evol. 23, 502-510.
  • Dunn J. C., Cole E. F., Quinn J. L., 2011. Personality and parasites: sex-dependent associations between avian malaria infection and multiple behavioural traits. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 65, 1459-1471.
  • Endler J. A., 1986. Natural selection in the wild. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Fidler A. E., van Oers K., Drent P. J., Kuhn S., Mueller J. C., Kempenaers B., 2007. Drd4 gene polymorphisms are associated with personality variation in a passerine bird. Proc. R. Soc. B. 274, 1685-1691.
  • Forstmeier W., Birkhead T. R., 2004. Repeatability of mate choice in the zebra finch: consistency within and between females. Anim. Behav. 68,1017-1028.
  • Gabriel P. O., Black J. M., 2012. Behavioural syndromes, partner compatibility and reproductive performance in Steller's jays. Ethology 118, 76-86.
  • Garamszegi L. Z., Eens M., Török J., 2008. Birds reveal their personality when singing. PloS One 3, e2647.
  • Garamszegi L. Z., Rosivall B., Rettenbacher S., Markó G., Zsebők S., Szöllősi E., Eens M., Potti J., Török J., 2012. Corticosterone, avoidance of novelty, risk-taking and aggression in a wild bird: no evidence for pleiotropic effects. Ethology 118, 621-635.
  • Gosling S., 2001. From mice to men: what can we learn about personality from animal research? Psychol. Bull. 121, 45-86.
  • Greenberg R., 2003. The role of neophobia and neophilia in the development of innovative behaviour of birds. [W:] Animal innovation. Reader S., Laland K. (red). Oxford University Press, Oxford, 175-196
  • Groothuis T., Carere C., 2005. Avian personalities: characterization and epigenesis. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 29, 1-14.
  • Hollander, F. A., Van Overveld, T., Tokka, I., & Matthysen, E. 2008. Personality and nest defence in the great tit (Parus major). Ethology 114, 405-412.
  • King A. J., Williams L. J., Mettke-Hofmann C., 2015. The effects of social conformity on Gouldian finch personality. Anim. Behav. 99, 25-31.
  • Kluen E., Kuhn S., Kempenaers B., Brommer J. E., 2012. A simple cage test captures intrinsic differences in aspects of personality across individuals in a passerine bird. Anim. Behav. 84, 279-287.
  • Korsten P., Mueller J. C., Hermannstädter C., Bouwman K. M., Dingemanse N. J., Drent P. J., Liedvogel M., Matthysen E., van Oers K., van Overveld T., Patrick S. C., Quinn J. L., Sheldon B. C., Tinbergen J. M., Kempenaers B., 2010. Association between DRD4 gene polymorphism and personality variation in great tits: a test across four wild populations. Mol. Ecol. 19, 832-843.
  • Kralj-Fišer S., Weiß B. M., Kotrschal K., 2009. Behavioural and physiological correlates of personality in greylag geese (Anser anser). J. Ethol. 28, 363-370.
  • Martins T. L. F., Roberts M. L., Giblin I., Huxham R., Evans M. R., 2007. Speed of exploration and risk-taking behavior are linked to corticosterone titres in zebra finches. Horm. Behav. 52, 445-453.
  • Mateos-Gonzalez F., Senar J. C., 2012. Melanin-based trait predicts individual exploratory behaviour in siskins, Carduelis spinus. Anim. Behav. 83, 229-232.
  • McCowan L. S., Rollins L. A., Griffith S. C., 2014. Personality in captivity: more exploratory males reproduce better in an aviary population. Behav. Process. 107, 150-157.
  • Mettke-Hofmann C., 2012. Head colour and age relate to personality traits in Gouldian finches. Ethology 118, 906-916.
  • Morand-Ferron J., Quinn J. L., 2011. Larger groups of passerines are more efficient problem solvers in the wild. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108, 15898-15903.
  • Mutzel A., Kempenaers B., Laucht S., Dingemanse N. J., Dale J., 2011. Circulating testosterone levels do not affect exploration in house sparrows: observational and experimental tests. Anim. Behav. 81, 731-739.
  • Naguib M., Kazek A., Schaper S. V., Van Oers K., Visser M. E., 2010. Singing activity reveals personality traits in great tits. Ethology 116, 763-769.
  • Nicolaus M., 2012. Experimental evidence for adaptive personalities in a wild passerine bird. Proc. R. Soc. B. 279, 4885-4892.
  • Nicolaus M., Mathot K. J., Araya-Ajoy Y. G., Mutzel A., Wijmenga J. J., Kempenaers B., Dingemanse N. J., 2015. Does coping style predict optimization? An experimental test in a wild passerine bird. Proc. R. Soc. B. 282, 20142405.
  • Noguera J. C., Metcalfe N. B., Surai P. F., Monaghan P., 2015. Are you what you eat? Micronutritional deficiencies during development influence adult personality-related traits. Anim. Behav. 101, 129-140.
  • Patrick S. C., Browning L. E., 2011. Exploration behaviour is not associated with chick provisioning in great tits. PLoS One 6, e26383.
  • Pfeffer K., Fritz J., Kotrschal K., 2002. Hormonal correlates of being an innovative greylag goose, Anser anser. Anim. Behav. 63, 687-695.
  • Pryke S. R., 2007. Fiery red heads: female dominance among head color morphs in the Gouldian finch. Behav. Ecol. 18, 621-627.
  • Quesada J., Senar J. C., 2007. The role of melanin- and carotenoid-based plumage coloration in nest defence in the great tit. Ethology 113, 640-647.
  • Quinn J. L., Patrick S. C., Bouwhuis S., Wilkin T. A., Sheldon B. C., 2009. Heterogeneous selection on a heritable temperament trait in a variable environment. J. Anim. Ecol. 78, 1203-1215.
  • Réale D., Reader S. M., Sol D., McDougall P. T., Dingemanse N. J., 2007. Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolution. Biol. Rev. Camb. Philos. Soc. 82, 291-318.
  • Scales J., Hyman J., Hughes M., 2013. Fortune favours the aggressive: territory quality and behavioural syndromes in song sparrows, Melospiza melodia. Anim. Behav. 85, 441-451.
  • Schuett W., 2008. Sexual selection and personality in zebra finches, Taeniopygia guttata.
  • Schuett W., Tregenza T., Dall S. R. X., 2010. Sexual selection and animal personality. Biol. Rev. Camb. Philos. Soc. 85, 217-246.
  • Schuett W., Dall S. R. X., Royle N. J., 2011. Pairs of zebra finches with similar 'personalities' make better parents. Anim. Behav. 81, 609-618.
  • Seltmann M. W., Öst M., Jaatinen K., Atkinson S., Mashburn K., Hollmén T., 2012. Stress responsiveness, age and body condition interactively affect flight initiation distance in breeding female eiders. Anim. Behav. 84, 889-896.
  • Stamps J., Groothuis T. G. G., 2010. The development of animal personality: relevance, concepts and perspectives. Biol. Rev. Camb. Philos. Soc. 85, 301-325.
  • Thys B., Eens M., Aerts S., Delory A., Iserbyt A., Pinxten R., 2017. Exploration and sociability in a highly gregarious bird are repeatable across seasons and in the long term but are unrelated. Anim. Behav. 123, 339-348.
  • Tryjanowski P., Morelli F., Skorka P., Goławski A., Indykiewicz P., Møller A., Mitrus C., Wysocki D., Zduniak P., 2015. Who started first? Bird species visiting novel birdfeeders. Sci. Rep. 5, 11858.
  • Van Oers K., 2005. Context dependence of personalities: risk-taking behavior in a social and a nonsocial situation. Behav. Ecol. 16, 716-723.
  • Van Oers K., Drent P. J., de Goede P., Van Noordwijk A. J., 2004a. Realized heritability and repeatability of risk-taking behaviour in relation to avian personalities. Proc. Royal Soc. 271, 65-73.
  • Van Oers K., Drent P. J., de Jong G., van Noordwijk A. J., 2004b. Additive and nonadditive genetic variation in avian personality traits. Heredity 93, 496-503.
  • Van Oers K., Kohn G. M., Hinde C. A., Naguib M., 2015. Parental food provisioning is related to nestling stress response in wild great tit nestlings: implications for the development of personality. Front. Zool. 12, S10.
  • Van Overveld T., Matthysen E., 2010. Personality predicts spatial responses to food manipulations in free-ranging great tits (Parus major). Biol. Lett. 6, 187-190.
  • Van Overveld T., Matthysen E., 2013. Personality and information gathering in free-ranging great tits. PloS One 8, e54199.
  • Verbeek M. E. M., de Goede P., Drent P. J. Wiepkema P. R., 1999. Individual behavioural characteristics and dominance in aviary groups of great tits. Behaviour 136, 23-48.
  • Webster S. J., Lefebvre L., 2001. Problem solving and neophobia in a columbiform-passeriform assemblage in Barbados. Anim. Behav. 62, 23-32.
  • Williams L. J., King A. J., Mettke-Hofmann C., 2012. Colourful characters: head colour reflects personality in a social bird, the Gouldian finch, Erythrura gouldiae. Anim. Behav. 84, 159-165.
  • Wilson D. S., Clark A., 1994. Shyness and boldness in humans and other animals. Trends Ecol. Evol. 9, 442-446.
  • Ydenberg R., Dill L., 1986. The economics of fleeing from predators. Adv. Study Behav. 16, 229-249.
  • Zahavi A., 1975. Mate selection - a selection for a handicap. J. Theor. Biol. 53, 205-214.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.