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Journal
2018 | 67 | 1 | 207-218
Article title

Migracja - regulacja zjawiska przez wybrane szlaki sygnałowe

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Title variants
EN
Migration, mechanisms and regulation principles
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Ruch i migracja są jedną z głównych funkcji życiowych komórek. W odpowiedzi na różne bodźce, dynamiczny cytoszkielet aktynowy generuje siłę umożliwiającą komórce przemieszczanie się w trójwymiarowej sieci zewnątrzkomórkowej macierzy czy po płaskim podłożu. Wydłużanie filamentów aktynowych na ich kolczastych końcach wypycha błonę komórkową w kierunku migracji, formując strefę frontalną zwaną lamellipodium. Skurcz włókien naprężeniowych umożliwia oderwanie tylnej części komórki i przesunięcie jej do przodu. W odpowiedzi na bodźce ze środowiska, receptory komórki inicjują wiele szlaków sygnałowych powodujących reorganizację mikrofilamentów aktynowych oraz skurcz układu akto-miozynowego. Głównymi regulatorami tych procesów są białka z rodziny Rho, fosfolipidy PIP2 oraz jony wapnia. Receptory nukleotydowe P2Y2 w połączeniu z białkami G regulują poziom fosfatydyloinozytolu-4,5-bisfosforanu (PIP2), który moduluje funkcje białek wiążących aktynę i aktywuje białka Rac1 oraz RhoA. Szlak sygnałowy RhoA/ROCK odgrywa ważną rolę w generowaniu skurczu włókien naprężeniowych. Z kolei białko Rac1 poprzez swój efektor kinazę PAK1 reguluje procesy formujące lamellipodium oraz wysuwanie strefy wiodącej podczas migracji.
EN
Motility is a common feature of numerous cell types. In response to various stimuli, the dynamic actin cytoskeleton and contractility generate forces needed to drive the cell forward. Actin filament elongation on the barbed ends pushes the plasma membrane forward during lamellipodium formation. Stress fibers contraction and/or the contraction of the cortical network are responsible for detaching the rear part of the cell and enable cell body to follow the progressing front. In response to extracellular stimuli, multiple signaling pathways are initiated resulting in the actin filament network reorganization and contractility of acto-myosin system. The key regulators of these processes are Rho family proteins, PIP 2 and calcium ions. Nucleotide receptors P2Y 2 coupled with G-proteins regulate the level of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP 2 ), which in turn modulates a variety of actin binding proteins, is involved in calcium response, and activates Rac1 and RhoA proteins. The RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway plays an important role in contractile force generation needed for the assembly of stress fibers, focal adhesions and for tail retraction during cell migration. The Rac1 via its effector Pak1 regulates lamellipodium formation and protrusion of the leading edge.
Journal
Year
Volume
67
Issue
1
Pages
207-218
Physical description
Dates
published
2018
Contributors
  • Wydział Biologii i Nauk o Środowisku, Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego, Wóycickiego 1/3, 01-938 Warszawa,Polska
  • Faculty of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw, 1/3 Wóycicki Str., 01-938 Warsaw, Poland
  • Centrum Doradztwa Naukowo-Badawczego Kawa.ska Sp. z o.o., Techniczna 3, 05-500 Piaseczno, Polska
  • Scientific and Research Advisory Centre, Kawa.ska Ltd., 3 Techniczna Str., 05-500 Piaseczno, Poland
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