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Journal
2018 | 67 | 1 | 179-193
Article title

Biogeneza rzęski pierwotnej

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Title variants
EN
Biogenesis of the primary cilium
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PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Rzęski pierwotne, struktury zbudowane na bazie cytoszkieletu mikrotubularnego, występują na powierzchni niemal wszystkich komórek ssaczych. Dzięki licznym receptorom błonowym, rzęski pierwotne pośredniczą w odbieraniu i przekazywaniu bodźców ze środowiska do wnętrza komórki, i tym samym odgrywają niezwykle ważną rolę w prawidłowym rozwoju i funkcjonowaniu większości tkanek i narządów. Tworzenie rzęski (ciliogeneza) to złożony, wieloetapowy i wielopoziomowo regulowany proces ściśle związany z cyklem komórkowym. Mutacje w genach kodujących białka strukturalne lub odpowiedzialne za prawidłowe funkcjonowanie rzęsek, jak również, regulujące przebieg ciliogenezy są przyczyną ich dysfunkcji, prowadzącej w efekcie do wielonarządowych chorób zwanych ciliopatiami.
EN
Cilia are highly specialized, microtubule-based protrusions, extended on cell surface in almost all mammalian cell types. They function as cell antennae that receive and transmit signals from the environment to the cell body. Cilia formation, so-called ciliogenesis is strictly controlled at multiple levels by a number of proteins, and correlated with the cell cycle progression. Cilia dysfunctions cause a wide range of human diseases, called ciliopathies. Moreover, ciliary defects may lead to obesity and cancer. In this article, we summarize current knowledge concerning cilia function and structure, regulation of ciliogenesis, and the most important signaling pathways and diseases affected by cilia dysfunction.
Journal
Year
Volume
67
Issue
1
Pages
179-193
Physical description
Dates
published
2018
Contributors
  • Pracownia Cytoszkieletu i Biologii Rzęsek, Zakład Biologii Komórki, Instytut Biologii Doświadczalnej im. M. Nenckiego PAN, Pasteura 3, 02-093 Warszawa, Polska
  • Laboratory of Cytoskeleton and Cilia Biology, Department of Cell Biology, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology PAS, 3Pasteur Str., 02-093 Warsaw, Poland
  • Pracownia Cytoszkieletu i Biologii Rzęsek, Zakład Biologii Komórki, Instytut Biologii Doświadczalnej im. M. Nenckiego PAN, Pasteura 3, 02-093 Warszawa, Polska
  • Laboratory of Cytoskeleton and Cilia Biology, Department of Cell Biology, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology PAS, 3Pasteur Str., 02-093 Warsaw, Poland
author
  • Pracownia Cytoszkieletu i Biologii Rzęsek, Zakład Biologii Komórki, Instytut Biologii Doświadczalnej im. M. Nenckiego PAN, Pasteura 3, 02-093 Warszawa, Polska
  • Laboratory of Cytoskeleton and Cilia Biology, Department of Cell Biology, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology PAS, 3Pasteur Str., 02-093 Warsaw, Poland
author
  • Pracownia Cytoszkieletu i Biologii Rzęsek, Zakład Biologii Komórki, Instytut Biologii Doświadczalnej im. M. Nenckiego PAN, Pasteura 3, 02-093 Warszawa, Polska
  • Laboratory of Cytoskeleton and Cilia Biology, Department of Cell Biology, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology PAS, 3Pasteur Str., 02-093 Warsaw, Poland
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Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv67p179kz
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