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Article title

Na granicy ciałka podstawowego i rzęski - bariera rzęskowa

Title variants
On the basal body and cilium border - ciliary gate
Languages of publication
Wnętrze rzęski nie jest oddzielone od cytoplazmy błoną biologiczną, a mimo to ma unikatowy skład. Jest to możliwe dzięki działaniu zlokalizowanej u podstawy rzęski tzw. bariery rzęskowej. W skład tej struktury wchodzi dystalna część ciałka podstawowego, proksymalna część rzęski, umiejscowione na nich włókna przejściowe i łączniki Y, a także fragmenty przylegającej do nich błony komórkowej i rzęskowej. Tak złożona budowa umożliwia z jednej strony zatrzymanie u podstawy rzęski białek niepożądanych, a z drugiej, ułatwienie transportu do wnętrza rzęski elementów niezbędnych do jej budowy i funkcjonowania.
The intraciliary space is not separated from the cell cytoplasm by a membrane, but still it has a unique composition. It is possible due to the existence of so-called ciliary gate localized at the ciliary base. This structure is composed of the distal part of basal body, proximal portion of cilium, transition fibers and Y-links and adjacent part of the cell and ciliary membrane. This complex structure, on one hand retains the unwanted proteins at the ciliary base and, on the other hand, facilitates the intraciliary transport of cargos required for cilia formation and function.
Physical description
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Publication order reference
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