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2017 | 66 | 4 | 665-675
Article title

Osteoimmunologia, czyli o wzajemnych oddziaływaniach komórek układów kostnego i odpornościowego

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EN
Osteoimmunology - interactions of the immune cells and bone tissue
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PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Wzajemne oddziaływania pomiędzy komórkami układu odpornościowego, a komórkami tkanki kostnej są opisywane od ponad 40 lat. Pomimo upływu czasu, w polskiej literaturze, stosunkowo rzadko się o nich wspomina, a termin osteoimmunologia będący określeniem interdyscyplinarnej nauki zajmującej się tymi oddziaływaniami, praktycznie nie jest używany. Celem niniejszego artykułu jest próba przybliżenia tej dziedziny wiedzy, opisania nowości w spojrzeniu na regulację metabolizmu tkanki kostnej oraz zwrócenia uwagi na szerszy kontekst regulacyjny, związany z istnieniem osi nerki - kości - jelito. Homeostaza zarówno poziomu składników mineralnych osocza krwi, jak i gęstości mineralnej kości zostaje zachowana na skutek dynamicznych zmian aktywności komórek kościotwórczych osteoblastów, komórek kościogubnych osteoklastów oraz osteocytów, będących jedną z końcowych form dojrzewających osteoblastów, aktywnie regulujących te procesy. Równowaga pomiędzy aktywnością wszystkich typów komórek jest regulowana między innymi przez hormony i cytokiny oraz przez bezpośredni kontakt z komórkami odpornościowymi. Czynniki te wpływają na poziom uwalniania i odkładania substancji mineralnych, odpowiednio przez osteoklasty i osteoblasty.
EN
Interactions between cells of the immune system and cells of bone tissue are reported for over 40 years. Despite the passage of time, relatively little about them is mentioned in Polish literature and the term osteoimmunology is practically not used. The purpose of this article is an attempt to outline shortly current knowledge in this field, with particular attention paid to regulation of bone tissue metabolism linked to the existence of the kidney-bone-gut axis.. Homeostasis of both the level of minerals in the blood plasma and the mineral density of the bone is maintained as a result of dynamic changes in the activity of osteoblasts, osteoklasts and osteocytes, being one of the final forms of maturing osteoblasts, actively regulating these processes. The balance between the activities of these cells is regulated by, inter alia, hormones and cytokines as well as direct contact with immune cells. These factors affect the level of mineral release and deposition by osteoclasts and osteoblasts, respectively.
Journal
Year
Volume
66
Issue
4
Pages
665-675
Physical description
Dates
published
2017
Contributors
  • Zakład Fizjologii Zwierząt, Wydział Biologii, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warszawa, Polska
  • Department of Animal Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warszawa, Poland
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bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv66p665kz
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