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2017 | 66 | 3 | 421-433
Article title

Ewolucja i zróżnicowanie preferencji pokarmowych postaci dorosłych motyli

Content
Title variants
EN
Evolution and diversity of trophic preferences of adult butterflies and moths
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Praca omawia ewolucję i różnorodność preferencji pokarmowych dorosłych motyli. Omówiono adaptacje wpływające na odżywianie się dorosłych osobników, w tym przede wszystkim przekształcenia aparatu gębowego oraz jego budowę i funkcję u różnych grup motyli. Przedyskutowano także problematykę związaną ze zróżnicowaniem, funkcją i przyswajaniem składników odżywczych. Szczegółowo omówiono pozyskiwane z nektaru kwiatowego oraz owoców najważniejsze składniki pokarmowe, takie jak cukry i związki azotowe. Zwrócono także uwagę na wyspecjalizowane grupy motyli takie jak hematofagi i lakrymofagi. Przeanalizowano wykorzystanie przez motyle soli mineralnych, które pozyskiwane są z wilgotnej gleby, odchodów, padliny czy morskiej wody.
EN
The review is focused on evolution and diversity of lepidopteran trophic preferences. The evolutionary history of Lepidoptera is presented with emphasis on adaptations associated with foraging behavior of adult butterflies and moths, including the evolutionary modifications of the proboscis. Problems of nutrient supply in lepidopteran diet are also analysed. The most important components of butterflies and moths food are carbohydrates and amino acids obtained mostly from nectar and fruits, but also from pollen, sap, honeydew or honey. There are also specialized groups of hematophagus or lacrymophagous Lepidoptera. Water and minerals supply from feeding on puddles, moist soil, marine water, urine, dung or carrion, is also analyzed as an element of diet.
Journal
Year
Volume
66
Issue
3
Pages
421-433
Physical description
Dates
published
2017
Contributors
  • Katedra Zoologii Bezkręgowców i Hydrobiologii, Uniwersytet Łódzki, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Łódź, Polska
  • Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Hydrobiology, University of Lodz, Banacha Str. 12/16, 90-237, Łódź, Poland
  • Katedra Zoologii Bezkręgowców i Hydrobiologii, Uniwersytet Łódzki, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Łódź, Polska
  • Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Hydrobiology, University of Lodz, Banacha Str. 12/16, 90-237, Łódź, Poland
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