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2017 | 66 | 2 | 241-252
Article title

Wybrane zagadnienia z życia igliczniowatych (Syngnathidae) -ryb o niezwykłym rozrodzie

Title variants
Selected issues from the life-history of Syngnathidae family – a fish with extraordinary reproduction
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Rodzina igliczniowatych (Syngnathidae) należąca do gromady promieniopłetwych (Actinopterygii), obejmuje koniki morskie oraz iglicznie. Zalicza się do niej 298 gatunków. Większość przedstawicieli tej rodziny żyje w pobliżu wybrzeży prawie wszystkich kontynentów, w płytkich wodach raf koralowych oraz na obszarach łąk morskich. Ryby z rodziny igliczniowatych charakteryzuje wydłużone ciało pokryte pancerzem z płytek kostnych, zakończone długim, rurkowatym pyskiem, który umożliwia wydajne zasysanie pokarmu. Płetwa ogonowa może przyjmować różnorodne kształty, przy czym u koników morskich posiada zdolności chwytne. Bardzo ciekawym oraz szeroko badanym aspektem biologii igliczniowatych jest ich rozród. Występuje tu zjawisko zwane samczą żyworodnością, tzn. samiec inkubuje zarodki w swojej torbie lęgowej. W związku z tym większość gatunków wykazuje odwrócenie ról płciowych, gdzie samice współzawodniczą i zabiegają o samce. Niniejsze opracowanie ma na celu przedstawienie wybranych zagadnień dotyczących pochodzenia, występowania, budowy, rozrodu oraz odżywiania ryb z rodziny igliczniowatych.
Syngnathidae belong to the Actinopterygii class. This family includes pipefishes, seehorses and seadragons. In Syngnathidae, there are distinguishable 298 species. Most of the family members live near the coasts of almost all continents in the shallow waters of coral reefs and seagrass areas. Fishes from Syngnathidae family are characterized by an elongated body covered with bony rings which form a kind of an armor. The elongated snout allows for efficient food suction. Caudal fin takes various shapes and is prehensile in the seahorses. Syngnathidae reproduction is an very interesting and widely studied aspect of their life. There occurs a phenomenon known as male viviparousness. Males incubate embryos in their brood pouch. Consequently, most of the Syngnathidae species exhibit a reversal of sex roles, which means that females are seeking and competing for males. The aim of this review is to present selected issues concerning origin, existence, anatomy, breeding and feeding of fishes from the Syngnathidae family.
Physical description
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