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2016 | 65 | 4 | 573-582
Article title

Wpływ zanieczyszczenia powietrza na choroby układu oddechowego

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Title variants
EN
Impact of air pollution on respiratory diseases
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PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Zanieczyszczenie powietrza ma potwierdzony w wielu badaniach negatywny wpływ na zdrowie i jest powodem kilkudziesięciu tysięcy zgonów rocznie w Polsce. Jego źródła to m.in. zanieczyszczenia emitowane wraz ze spalinami z silników pojazdów i ogrzewanie gospodarstw domowych niskiej jakości węglem lub śmieciami. Powoduje to uwalnianie do atmosfery substancji takich jak pył zawieszony PM10 i PM2,5, tlenki azotu, tlenki siarki, wielopierścieniowe węglowodory aromatyczne (WWA), tlenek węgla. Według obecnej wiedzy zanieczyszczenia powietrza są powodem częstszych wizyt u lekarza podstawowej opieki zdrowotnej oraz przyjęć do Szpitalnych Oddziałów Ratunkowych ze względu na choroby układu oddechowego i krwionośnego, zwiększonego przyjmowania leków, nieobecności w szkole, pracy oraz zwiększonej ogólnej umieralności. Długotrwałe narażenie może wiązać się ze zwiększonym ryzykiem zaostrzonego przebiegu przewlekłej obturacyjnej choroby płuc (POChP), zachorowania na raka płuc, astmę, nowotwory okolicy głowy i szyi.
EN
Numerous studies have confirmed negative impact of air pollution on the health leading to dozens of deaths a year in Poland. Its sources include traffic-related emissions, inadequate heating of households and coal boilers.This results in the release into the atmosphere of substances such as particulate matter PM10 and PM2.5, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), carbon monoxide. Referring to current knowledge, air pollution is responsible for more frequent visits to a primary care physicians and admissions to the Hospital Emergency departments, due to diseases of the respiratory and circulatory system, increased intake of medicines, absence from school or work and increased overall mortality. Polluted air is a proven risk factor for the development and exacerbation of respiratory diseases. Long-term exposure may be associated with an increased risk for development of lung cancer, asthma, cancer of the head and neck, breast, bladder or urinary tract, and aggravation of chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD).
Journal
Year
Volume
65
Issue
4
Pages
573-582
Physical description
Dates
published
2016
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bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv65p573kz
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