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2015 | 64 | 3 | 415-429
Article title

Ściana komórki roślinnej - struktura z przyszłością

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Title variants
EN
Plant cell wall - a green future structure
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PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Ściana komórkowa, oparta na celulozowym szkielecie, jest charakterystyczną strukturą roślin lądowych i glonów. Przez trzysta lat uważana była za bierną i ograniczającą wzrost i rozwój komórek. Dziś wiadomo, że ściana, otaczając i zamykając każdą komórkę, umożliwia jej także kontakt z sąsiednimi komórkami i ze środowiskiem, przenikanie substancji i cząsteczek sygnałowych, kontroluje kierunek wzrostu, nadając kształt komórce i całej roślinie, a także chroni przed atakami patogenów i niekorzystnymi czynnikami środowiska. Aby właściwie wypełniać te zadania, ściana musi być nie tylko dynamiczną i ściśle regulowaną strukturą, odbierającą i odpowiadającą na wewnętrzne i zewnętrzne sygnały, ale jak uważają niektórzy, całym systemem, "inteligentną granicą", zdolną do koordynacji procesów wzrostu i rozwoju indywidualnych komórek, prowadzących do odpowiedzi całej rośliny na zmieniające się warunki środowiska. To skomplikowane zadanie jest realizowane przez ściany, których skład różni się w zależności od typu komórki, jej stadium rozwoju czy nawet pory roku. Obecna praca jest próbą przybliżenia czytelnikowi choć niewielkiej części nowo poznanych zagadnień, związanych ze ścianą, jej rolą, mechanizmami funkcjonowania oraz praktycznym wykorzystaniem w rolnictwie, przemyśle spożywczym, papierniczym czy energetycznym.
EN
A distinguishing feature of plant and algae cells is the presence of a cellulose-rich wall. For three hundred years plant cell walls were described as static and rigid. Today cell walls are considered as very dynamic structures which enclose each cell still allowing transfer of solutes and signaling molecules between the cells themselves and the cells and environment, control of cells and the whole plant form, growth and development; they play also a significant role in plant defense and their responses to environmental stresses. To fulfill these functions plant cell walls must be a tightly regulated dynamic system in charge of sensing, processing and responding to internal and external cellular signals, functioning as an "intelligent frontier" capable to co-ordinate growth of the whole-plant by optimizing growth and differentiation of individual cells. This paper attempts to review a small part of current works aimed to elucidate the role and functions of plant cell walls and their practical implications for obtainment of plant-based products: food, fodder, textiles, paper, biopolymers and biofuels.
Journal
Year
Volume
64
Issue
3
Pages
415-429
Physical description
Dates
published
2015
Contributors
  • Zakład Ekofizjologii Molekularnej Roślin, Instytut Biologii Eksperymentalnej i Biotechnologii Roślin, Wydział Biologii, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warszawa, Polska
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