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2014 | 63 | 4 | 643-655
Article title

Jadowite ssaki.

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Title variants
EN
Venomous mammals.
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PL EN
Abstracts
PL
W niniejszym artykule dokonujemy przeglądu jadowitych ssaków, z uwzględnieniem "swoiście jadowitych" (takich jak należący do rzędu stekowców dziobak australijski i zaliczane do rzędu ryjówkokształtnych almiki, ryjówki krótkoogonowe, rzęsorki i jeden gatunek zębiełka), "nieswoiście jadowitych" (nietoperze wampiry) i przypuszczalnie jadowitych (kilka gatunków lori z rzędu naczelnych). Fakt, iż pewne ssaki mogą być jadowite przez wieki ignorowany był przez środowisko naukowe. Dopiero w latach 50-tych ubiegłego wieku podjęto (między innymi przez polskich badaczy) pierwsze próby określenia właściwości jadów niektórych gatunków. Ostatnimi czasy, rozwój nowoczesnych technik umożliwiających rozdział jadów przyczynił się do ponownego wzrostu zainteresowania tą grupą zwierząt i umożliwił badaczom poznanie pierwszych składników występujących w ich jadach. Nie mniej jednak badania nad jadami ssaków są ciągle w fazie wstępnej. W artykule przedstawiamy stan poznania właściwości oraz funkcji jadów wytwarzanych przez jadowite ssaki oraz wskazujemy na możliwości zastosowania niektórych z tych jadów w leczeniu wielu chorób i produkcji leków. Możliwe bowiem, że w najbliższym czasie poznamy dokładniej właściwości lecznicze substancji zawartych w jadach ssaków. A wtedy zapewne wiele z tych substancji, jak wcześniej składniki jadów pająków, pszczół czy węży, znajdzie zastosowanie w farmakologii czy medycynie.
EN
This article presents "specific venomous" mammals (Australian platypus, two species of the genus Solenodon, and shrews of the genera Blarina, Neomys and Crocidura), "non-specific venomous" ones (three species of vampire bats), and "presumably venomous" mammals (several species of the genus Nycticebus). For centuries there has been a widespread belief that mammals could be as venomous as reptiles. However, this belief remained overlooked by orthodox scientists and was treated as a folklore. Nevertheless, already in the 1950s the first attempts to determine the properties of venoms of the short-tailed shrew (Blarina brevicauda) and water shrew (Neomys fodiens) were undertaken (among others, by Polish scientists). Recently, the development of modern techniques of venom separation has contributed to the renewed interest in venomous mammals and allowed to discover the first components of their venoms. Nevertheless, these studies are still at a preliminary stage. This article reviews our knowledge about the properties and functions of mammal venoms and shows the possibilities of their use in medical treatment and production of drugs. It is likely that in the near future we will learn more about the healing properties of these venoms. Thus, it is also possible that many of these substances, similarly to components of the venoms of spiders, bees or snakes, will have a number of applications in pharmacology and medicine.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
63
Issue
4
Pages
643-655
Physical description
Dates
published
2014
Contributors
  • Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza, Wydział Biologii, Zakład Zoologii Systematycznej, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznań, Polska
  • Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza, Wydział Biologii, Zakład Zoologii Systematycznej, Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznań, Polska
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv63p643kz
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