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2014 | 63 | 1 | 55-65
Article title

Gruczoł kuprowy - czy już wszystko wiemy o roli jego wydzieliny?

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Title variants
EN
Preen gland - do we know all about functions of its secretion?
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PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Gruczoł kuprowy jest jedynym gruczołem skórnym, poza małżowinowymi u kuraków, występującym u większości ptaków. Położony jest po stronie grzbietowej ponad ostatnimi kręgami ogonowymi. Gruczoł produkuje tłustą wydzielinę, którą ptak rozprowadza po upierzeniu przy pomocy dzioba. Wydzielina gruczołu kuprowego jest złożoną mieszaniną związków organicznych, głównie wosków, których skład może różnić się w zależności od gatunku, sezonu, wieku i płci ptaków czy stosowanej diety. Funkcje wydzieliny gruczołu kuprowego wciąż są dyskutowane. Najczęściej wymienia się ochronę piór przed wilgocią i nadmiernym ścieraniem czy też ektopasożytami. Do niedawna uważano też, że jest ona źródłem witaminy D, jednak współczesne badania zupełnie tego nie potwierdziły. Wraz z rozwojem technik analizy składu chemicznego tej wydzieliny powstają nowe hipotezy na temat roli pełnionej przez gruczoł kuprowy.
EN
Preen gland (also known as uropygial or oil gland) is a major skin gland that occurs in most birds. It is located dorsally at the base of the tail and produces oily secretion which birds smear onto their feathers with the beak. The preen gland secretion is a complex mixture of diverse organic compounds, mainly waxes, which may vary among birds depending on the species, season, age and gender of bird, and diet. The functions of preen gland secretion are still under discussion. Most often they are said to provide plumage maintenance, protection of feathers against moisture, abrasion or ectoparasites; until recently the secretion was also regarded erroneously as the source of vitamin D. However, contemporary studies negate some of these functions and new ones are being suggested.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
63
Issue
1
Pages
55-65
Physical description
Dates
published
2014
References
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