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2014 | 63 | 4 | 525-534
Article title

Zróżnicowanie zachowań narzędziowych szympansa zwyczajnego.

Title variants
Diversity of tool use by common chimpanzee.
Languages of publication
Od 1964 roku rozpoczęto dogłębne obserwacje populacji szympansa zwyczajnego (Pan troglodytes) mające na celu zbadanie jego zachowań narzędziowych. Zanotowano, że małpy z tego gatunku potrafią wykonywać i stosować zróżnicowane narzędzia, między innymi do wybierania termitów i mrówek z gniazd. Nowsze publikacje donoszą o wykorzystywaniu narzędzi do rozłupywania orzechów, rozgniatania owoców chlebowca, użyciu włóczni do polowań na mniejsze naczelne, czy stosowaniu dużych liści jako parasola. Wielu naukowców jest zdania, że zachowania narzędziowe charakterystyczne dla danej populacji są wynikiem procesu nauczania i protokultury danej grupy (pierwotnej formy kultury), przekazywanych z pokolenia na pokolenie.
Since 1964 tool behaviour of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) populations have been a subject of thorough studies. It was noted that apes of this species are able to make different tools, and use them for fishing ants and termites from their nests. Latest publications also refer to using the tools for nut crashing, breadfruit smashing, hunting smaller primates with spears, or making umbrellas of big leaves. Many scientists suggest that tool behaviour characterizing specific population comes as a result of learning process and protoculture (primal form of culture) that are passed from generation to generation.
Physical description
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