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2014 | 63 | 3 | 481-488
Article title

Czy życie zostało przyniesione z kosmosu?

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EN
Could life arrive from the universe?
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PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Kiedy mogło powstać życie, skąd się wzięło na Ziemi? Badania naukowe ostatnich lat znacznie przybliżyły możliwość odpowiedzi na niektóre pytania jak np. wiek wszechświata, wiek układu słonecznego, skład chemiczny meteorytów i komet, dokładniejsze poznanie historii Ziemi, obecność planet w innych układach gwiezdnych, poznanie budowy molekularnej wielu struktur żywych organizmów, odkrycie organizmów (ekstremofili) żyjących w niekorzystnych warunkach, odkrycia najdłużej żyjących organizmów prokariotycznych, poszukiwania śladów życia na innych planetach. Poglądy Berzeliusa, Helmholtza i Lorda Kelvina o pozaziemskim pochodzeniu życia stają się coraz bardziej prawdopodobne. Również złożoność białek i procesów przez nie sterowanych pokazuje, że czas jaki natura miała na wytworzenie tak skomplikowanych struktur od końca okresu LHB (Late Heavy Bombardment) w historii Ziemi do momentu pojawienia się najstarszych bakterii jest raczej zbyt krótki. Hipoteza panspermii zdobywa coraz więcej zwolenników. Omawiane są różne rodzaje panspermii jak nekropanspermia, litopanspermia, kierowana panspermia, odwrócona panspermia i klasyczna panspermia.
EN
When life could appear and from where it arrived on Earth? Recent investigations bring nearer answers to some of such important questions as the age of the Universe and of our solar system, chemical composition of meteorites and comets, more detailed information of Earth history. Also the discovery of planets in other solar systems, recognition of molecular composition of living organisms, discovery of hyperthermophiles and fossils of living bacteria dated to millions years BP, as well as search of life on other planets can help in explanation of life origin. Old hypothesis of panspermia that life come to Earth from comets and meteorites has been championed by J. J. Berzelius, H. von Helmholtz, Lord Kelvin, Sir F. Hoyle, F. Crick an others. Also time elapsed between the period of the Late Heavy Bombardment and the appearance of first bacterial fossils on the Earth seems to be too short to evolve by Nature complex protein structures and various controlled by them life processes. Therefore, panspermia hypothesis finds more and more supporters. There are also reported related hypotheses such as necropanspermia, lithopanspermia directed panspermia and inverted panspermia
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
63
Issue
3
Pages
481-488
Physical description
Dates
published
2014
Contributors
  • Zakład Mykologii, Instytut Botaniki im W. Szafera PAN, Lubicz 46, 31-512 Kraków, Polska
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Document Type
Publication order reference
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YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv63p481kz
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