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2013 | 62 | 1 | 47-60
Article title

Motyle szkodliwe dla zdrowia człowieka

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EN
Butterflies and moths harmful to human health.
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PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Zaprezentowano przegląd zagadnień związanych z niekorzystnym wpływem motyli (Lepidoptera) na zdrowie człowieka. Objawy grupowane pod terminami takimi jak lepidopteryzm i erucyzm mają bardzo różne podłoża i mechanizmy powstawania. Omówiony został wpływ na człowieka gatunków odżywiających się krwią (rodzaj Calyptra) oraz łzami. Zebrano też informacje dotyczące podrażnień skóry spowodowanych kontaktem z parzącymi włoskami i innymi strukturami obronnymi gąsienic. Podsumowano także wiedzę na temat parzących włosków jako przyczyn podrażnień oczu określanych jako ophtalmia nodosa. Osobno omówiono mechanizm powstawania krwotoków spowodowanych toksynami jadu gąsienic motyli z rodzaju Lonomia. Opisano także rzadziej spotykane dolegliwości spowodowane przez motyle i ich gąsienice takie jak: zaburzenia koordynacji ruchowej, zapalenia stawów oraz zaburzenia oddechowe (w tym astma oskrzelowa), a także możliwości przenoszenia pasożytów przez motyle. Zebrano informacje o potencjalnie toksycznych motylach należących do fauny Polski. Wskazano także działania profilaktyczne pozwalające uchronić się przed niekorzystnym wpływem motyli oraz ułatwiające diagnozę i późniejsze leczenie.
EN
A review of information on diseases caused by butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera) on human health is presented. Various symptoms grouped under the terms such as lepidopterism and erucism may have different origin and underlying mechanisms. In particular there are described: influence of blood sucking and lacrimophagic moths, cutaneous symptoms like contact dermatitis caused by caterpillar urticating hairs, influence of urticating hairs on human eyes (ophtalmia nodosa), a syndrome caused by caterpillars of genus Lonomia. Some other symptoms caused by caterpillars including: ataxic syndrome, arthritis, pulmonary reactions (including bronchial asthma) as well as the functioning of Lepidoptera as the vectors for parasites are also discussed. The information on toxic and venomous Lepidoptera in Polish fauna is compiled. Preventive methods that may help to avoid the contact with those species and help to make an accurate diagnosis and further treatment are finally discussed.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
62
Issue
1
Pages
47-60
Physical description
Dates
published
2013
Contributors
  • Katedra Zoologii Bezkręgowców i Hydrobiologii Uniwersytet Łódzki Banacha 12/16, 90-237, Łódź, Polska
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