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2013 | 62 | 3 | 381-391
Article title

Biologiczne przystosowania roślin kwiatowych do warunków klimatycznych Antarktyki Morskiej.

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Title variants
EN
Biological adaptation of the flowering plants to the Maritime Antarctic climate conditions.
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PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Dwa rodzime gatunki, Colobanthus quitensis (Kunth) Bartl. i Deschampsia antarctica Desv., oraz Poa annua L., gatunek obcy dla Antarktyki, są obecnie jedynymi roślinami kwiatowymi w Antarktyce Morskiej. Zasiedlają stanowiska o bardzo szerokim spektrum czynników topograficznych, troficznych i topoklimatycznych. Badania histologiczne, cytologiczne i embriologiczne roślin rosnących w różnych warunkach mikrosiedliskowych na Wyspie Króla Jerzego (Szetlandy Południowe, Antarktyka Morska) oraz w warunkach szklarniowych wykazały, że rośliny te są bardzo plastyczne morfologicznie. Rozmiary i pokrój roślin, liczba i wielkość organów wegetatywnych i generatywnych wyrastających w krótkim sezonie wegetacyjnym oraz uorganizowanie protoplastów komórek, wykazują ścisły związek z warunkami siedliskowymi i pogodowymi.
EN
Two species native to the Antarctic, Colobanthus quitensis (Kunth) Bartl. and Deschampsia antarctica Desv., and one alien species, Poa annua L., are currently the only flowering plants in the Maritime Antarctic. They inhabit a wide range of habitats characterized by varied topographic, trophic and topoclimatic conditions. Histological, cytological and embryological analyses of plants growing under different microhabitat conditions in King George Island (South Shetland Islands, Maritime Antarctic) and under greenhouse conditions revealed their high morphological plasticity. Close correlations were observed between habitat and weather conditions and plant size and habit, the number and size of vegetative and generative organs that develop during a short growing season, and protoplast structure.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
62
Issue
3
Pages
381-391
Physical description
Dates
published
2013
Contributors
  • Katedra Fizjologii i Biotechnologii Roślin, Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie, Oczapowskiego 1A, 10-917 Olsztyn, Polska
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bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv62p381kz
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