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2013 | 62 | 3 | 323-332
Article title

Rodem z głębin - różnorodność i pochodzenie antarktycznych kleszczug.

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EN
From the depth: diversity and origin of the antarctic Tanaidacea.
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PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Tanaidacea, to drobne, kilkumilimetrowe skorupiaki zamieszkujące wszystkie niemal siedliska dna morskiego. Obecnie znanych jest ponad 1200 gatunków Tanaidacea, ale uważa się, że prawdziwa liczba gatunków tych skorupiaków w Oceanie Światowym może być o rząd wielkości większa. Tanaidacea Oceanu Południowego reprezentowane są przez 160 gatunków klasyfikowanych w 66 rodzajach, 20 rodzinach i trzech podrzędach. Wyraźna przewaga pozbawionych oczu i młodych filogenetycznie przedstawicieli kleszczug na szelfie antarktycznym wskazuje na ich głębokowodne pochodzenie. Zakłada się, że postępujące ochłodzenie klimatu w trzeciorzędzie doprowadziło do wyginięcia ciepłolubnej fauny mezozoicznej, a wolne szelfowe nisze ekologicznie były zajmowane na drodze emergencji przez psychrofilne i eurybatyczne taksony głębokowodne. Podobieństwo fauny szelfu południowej Australii i Antarktydy sugeruje, że taki proces mógł zaistnieć w późnym paleocenie i wczesnym eocenie, gdy oba kontynenty nie były w pełni oddzielone i oba leżały w obrębie koła polarnego.
EN
Tanaidacea, are small, few millimetres long crustaceans inhabiting almost all marine benthic habitats. Currently, there are known over 1200 species of tanaids, but it is assumed that the number in the World Ocean might be one order of magnitude higher. Tanaidacea in the Southern Ocean are represented by 160 species classified to 66 genera and 20 families and three suborders. Clear domination of eyeless and phylogenetically young representatives of Tanaidacea on Antarctic shelf indicate for its deep-sea origin. It is supposed that Tertiary glaciations of the Antarctic is responsible for the extinction of Mesozoic fauna. The vacant niches were occupied by psychrophilic and eurybathic deep-sea taxa due to the phenomenon of an emergence. The similarity of fauna on Australian and Antarctic shelves indicates that that process might take a place in Palaeocene or Eocene, when both continents where not fully separated and both laid within the polar circle.
Keywords
Journal
Year
Volume
62
Issue
3
Pages
323-332
Physical description
Dates
published
2013
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.bwnjournal-article-ksv62p323kz
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