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2013 | 62 | 1 | 129-138
Article title

Solanina i chakonina - główne glikoalkaloidy ziemniaka uprawnego (Solanum Tuberosum L.)

Title variants
Solanine and chaconine - main glycoalkaloids of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.).
Languages of publication
Solanina i chakonina są głównymi glikoalkaloidami ziemniaka uprawnego, potocznie zwanymi całkowitymi glikoalkaloidami (TGA). Ich synteza i kumulacja przebiega we wszystkich organach rośliny. W bulwach, najwięcej TGA zlokalizowanych jest w obrębie 1,5 mm warstwy perydermy. Całkowite glikoalkaloidy wpływają przede wszystkim na odporność rośliny na patogeny i szkodniki. Zbyt wysoka zawartość TGA w spożywanych przez konsumentów bulwach, może stanowić potencjalne zagrożenie dla zdrowia człowieka. Niniejszy artykuł stanowi przegląd dostępnej literatury, dotyczący syntezy, rozkładu, zawartości oraz właściwości toksycznych TGA obecnych w ziemniaku uprawnym.
Potato contains two major steroidal glycoalkaloids, solanine and chaconine, also called "total glycoalkaloids" (TGA). Total glycoalkaloids accumulate in all plant organs, including tubers. These glycoalkaloids are mainly responsible for plant resistance to herbivores, as well as diseases caused by fungi and bacteria. They may also affect human health. That is why attention was also paid to toxic effects of TGA's overdoses after tubers consumption. In this review, the most important information about synthesis, degradation, occurrence and toxical properties of TGA are described.
Physical description
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